[Usefulness of DeltaMELD/month for prediction of the mortality in the first episode of variceal bleeding patients with liver cirrhosis: comparison with CTP, MELD score and DeltaCTP/month].Korean J Hepatol. 2007 Mar; 13(1):51-60.KJ
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
There are many models for predicting prognosis of liver cirrhosis including Child Turcotte Pugh (CTP), the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and its changes over time (DeltaCTP and DeltaMELD/month). We investigated the ability of these models to predict the mortality of liver cirrhosis patients with the first episode of variceal bleeding and which model can be usefully applied in practice.
Seventy-one liver cirrhosis patients hospitalized for the first episode of esophageal variceal bleeding were retrospectively analyzed. The predictive power of initial CTP, MELD score, DeltaCTP and DeltaMELD/month was compared through c-statistics and multiple logistic regression.
All of the prognostic predictors measured higher in patients who survived than in those who died. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for DeltaMELD/month in 6 months was 1, a higher value than 0.81 for initial CTP, 0.75 for initial MELD, and 0.84 for DeltaCTP/month; the area of DeltaMELD/month in 12 months was 0.81, also showing a higher value than others. DeltaMELD/month >0.27 was a strong significant prognostic predictor in 6 (odds ratio: 40.1, p=0.001) and 12 months (odds ratio: 14.1, p<0.001). Only the DeltaMELD/month was an independent prognostic predictor with a risk ratio of 1.604 (95% CI: 1.119-2.302, p=0.01) in 6 months and 1.627 (95% CI: 1.294-2.047, p<0.001) in 12 months.
The DeltaMELD/month is superior to initial CTP, MELD and DeltaCTP/month to predict 6 and 12 months mortality in liver cirrhosis patients with the first episode of variceal bleeding.