Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The American College of Surgeons' closed claims study: new insights for improving care.
J Am Coll Surg. 2007 Apr; 204(4):561-9.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

All physicians must be vigilant in the pursuit of safe care for patients. While problems in care are identified, education that provides an understanding of these problems and guidelines for improvement can enhance patient safety. Our objective was to determine problematic aspects of surgical care, including care provided by surgeons before, during, after, and instead of surgery, that negatively affect patient safety.

STUDY DESIGN

Four hundred sixty malpractice claims against general surgeons were reviewed by surgeons (FACS). All claims were closed in 2003 or 2004. The data collection was completed at five medical liability companies representing a nationwide distribution of surgeons. Surgeons also dictated or wrote narratives for each case. The quantitative data and narratives were later analyzed to determine events responsible for unsafe care.

RESULTS

Surgeon-reviewers identified deficiencies in care that fell below accepted standards more often before and after operations than during them. These deficiencies were often the result of a failure to recognize surgical injuries, and many of these deficiencies were preventable. The quality of surgical care was satisfactorily met in 36% of cases. The most common procedures involving patient safety concerns were those involving the biliary tract, intestines, hernias, vascular system, esophagus, and stomach. The most frequent events leading to claims included delayed diagnosis, failure to diagnose, failure to order diagnostic tests, technical misadventure, delayed treatment, and failure to treat. Complications occurring most frequently were organ injuries, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and infection.

CONCLUSIONS

Closed claims reviews provide valuable data that may enhance provider performance through heightened awareness of common unsafe practices. Specifically, opportunities exist to improve surgical care provided during the preoperative and postoperative phases of treatment through continuing medical education to improve patient safety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Committee on Patient Safety and Professional Liability, American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17382214

Citation

Griffen, F Dean, et al. "The American College of Surgeons' Closed Claims Study: New Insights for Improving Care." Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 204, no. 4, 2007, pp. 561-9.
Griffen FD, Stephens LS, Alexander JB, et al. The American College of Surgeons' closed claims study: new insights for improving care. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;204(4):561-9.
Griffen, F. D., Stephens, L. S., Alexander, J. B., Bailey, H. R., Maizel, S. E., Sutton, B. H., & Posner, K. L. (2007). The American College of Surgeons' closed claims study: new insights for improving care. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 204(4), 561-9.
Griffen FD, et al. The American College of Surgeons' Closed Claims Study: New Insights for Improving Care. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;204(4):561-9. PubMed PMID: 17382214.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The American College of Surgeons' closed claims study: new insights for improving care. AU - Griffen,F Dean, AU - Stephens,Linda S, AU - Alexander,James B, AU - Bailey,H Randolph, AU - Maizel,Scott E, AU - Sutton,Beth Howell, AU - Posner,Karen L, PY - 2006/08/16/received PY - 2006/11/03/revised PY - 2007/01/04/accepted PY - 2007/3/27/pubmed PY - 2007/5/2/medline PY - 2007/3/27/entrez SP - 561 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American College of Surgeons JO - J Am Coll Surg VL - 204 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: All physicians must be vigilant in the pursuit of safe care for patients. While problems in care are identified, education that provides an understanding of these problems and guidelines for improvement can enhance patient safety. Our objective was to determine problematic aspects of surgical care, including care provided by surgeons before, during, after, and instead of surgery, that negatively affect patient safety. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred sixty malpractice claims against general surgeons were reviewed by surgeons (FACS). All claims were closed in 2003 or 2004. The data collection was completed at five medical liability companies representing a nationwide distribution of surgeons. Surgeons also dictated or wrote narratives for each case. The quantitative data and narratives were later analyzed to determine events responsible for unsafe care. RESULTS: Surgeon-reviewers identified deficiencies in care that fell below accepted standards more often before and after operations than during them. These deficiencies were often the result of a failure to recognize surgical injuries, and many of these deficiencies were preventable. The quality of surgical care was satisfactorily met in 36% of cases. The most common procedures involving patient safety concerns were those involving the biliary tract, intestines, hernias, vascular system, esophagus, and stomach. The most frequent events leading to claims included delayed diagnosis, failure to diagnose, failure to order diagnostic tests, technical misadventure, delayed treatment, and failure to treat. Complications occurring most frequently were organ injuries, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and infection. CONCLUSIONS: Closed claims reviews provide valuable data that may enhance provider performance through heightened awareness of common unsafe practices. Specifically, opportunities exist to improve surgical care provided during the preoperative and postoperative phases of treatment through continuing medical education to improve patient safety. SN - 1072-7515 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17382214/The_American_College_of_Surgeons'_closed_claims_study:_new_insights_for_improving_care_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1072-7515(07)00064-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -