Plasma and urine levels of resistin and adiponectin in chronic kidney disease.Cytokine. 2007 Jan; 37(1):1-5.C
Subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of developing coronary atherosclerosis. Adipocyte hormones, resistin and adiponectin are implicated in insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. However, few studies in the literature address the role of adipocyte hormones in CKD. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of resistin, adiponectin and other inflammatory markers in subjects with CKD with those of the control subjects.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In a cross-sectional study, we measured basal metabolic panel, fasting lipid panel and levels of glucose, resistin, adiponectin, insulin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and TNF-alpha in 43 subjects with CKD compared with those of 34 control subjects. We also measured the resistin and adiponectin levels in urine samples (16).
Subjects with CKD have increased insulin levels and insulin resistance index (IRI). Compared with controls, subjects with CKD had increased levels of resistin (5.12+/-3.2 vs.7.5+/-5.9; p<0.05), CRP (1.7+/-2.2 vs. 5.97+/-6.0; p<0.0005), and TNF-alpha (3.4+/-2.0 vs. 5.2+/-3.5; p<0.005). Resistin levels correlate with CRP and TNF-alpha, even with BMI as a covariate. Although 60% of subjects with CKD have CAD, e plasma levels of adiponectin were not decreased in subjects with CKD compared with controls (17.02+/-9.8 vs. 16.40+/-9.0 with p value 0.78). Urinary adiponectin levels correlate inversely with GFR (r=-0.4; p<0.05) and plasma adiponectin levels (r=0.9; p<0.0001).
Subjects with CKD had normal levels of plasma adiponectin despite the adverse metabolic environment for CAD. In addition, this study demonstrates the relationship between resistin and TNF-alpha in subjects with CKD and suggests that resistin may play a role in the sub-clinical inflammation associated with CKD, suggesting that adiponectin clearance may be decreased as shown by the inverse correlation of urinary adiponectin with GFR.