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Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats.
Br J Nutr. 2007 Jun; 97(6):1099-108.BJ

Abstract

One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Weanling male rats were fed either a 37 % fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 % fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 % body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+6.6 mmHg, P = 0.002), fasting insulin (+63 % P = 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+21 %, P < 0.001) and insulin (+81 %, P < 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: (1) the 37 % fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 % fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 % fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P = 0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P = 0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Obesity and Metabolic Health Division, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK. g.lobley@rowett.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17397561

Citation

Lobley, Gerald E., et al. "Impact of High-protein Diets With Either Moderate or Low Carbohydrate On Weight Loss, Body Composition, Blood Pressure and Glucose Tolerance in Rats." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 6, 2007, pp. 1099-108.
Lobley GE, Bremner DM, Holtrop G, et al. Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats. Br J Nutr. 2007;97(6):1099-108.
Lobley, G. E., Bremner, D. M., Holtrop, G., Johnstone, A. M., & Maloney, C. (2007). Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats. The British Journal of Nutrition, 97(6), 1099-108.
Lobley GE, et al. Impact of High-protein Diets With Either Moderate or Low Carbohydrate On Weight Loss, Body Composition, Blood Pressure and Glucose Tolerance in Rats. Br J Nutr. 2007;97(6):1099-108. PubMed PMID: 17397561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of high-protein diets with either moderate or low carbohydrate on weight loss, body composition, blood pressure and glucose tolerance in rats. AU - Lobley,Gerald E, AU - Bremner,David M, AU - Holtrop,Grietje, AU - Johnstone,Alexandra M, AU - Maloney,Christopher, Y1 - 2007/03/30/ PY - 2007/4/3/pubmed PY - 2007/7/17/medline PY - 2007/4/3/entrez SP - 1099 EP - 108 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 97 IS - 6 N2 - One approach to achieve weight loss and decrease both obesity and associated morbidities involves high-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets. This study compares the impact on metabolic health of HPLC and high-protein, medium-carbohydrate (HPMC) diets offered to diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Weanling male rats were fed either a 37 % fat diet (n 48) or stock pellets (n 12) for 22 weeks. Rats fed the 37 % fat diet accumulated more body fat (26.6 versus 14.8 % body weight, P < 0.001) compared with those on stock diet. The DIO rats had higher systolic blood pressure (+6.6 mmHg, P = 0.002), fasting insulin (+63 % P = 0.006) and areas under the glucose (+21 %, P < 0.001) and insulin (+81 %, P < 0.001) curves following an oral glucose tolerance test. DIO rats were then separated into four groups and offered for 8 weeks either: (1) the 37 % fat diet; (2) an HPLC or (3) HPMC diet; or (4) fed the 37 % fat diet to the intake of the HPMC group. Rats offered the 37 % fat or HPLC diets gained while those on HPMC lost body fat. Blood pressure was not altered by the dietary switch. Both HPLC and HPMC rats had lowered fasting insulin (P = 0.027) and improved homeostatic assessment (HOMA; P = 0.011) that was not different from those of stock animals. These improvements occurred despite differences in fat gain, and indicate that both weight loss and macronutrient intake can impact favourably on obesity-associated morbidities. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17397561/Impact_of_high_protein_diets_with_either_moderate_or_low_carbohydrate_on_weight_loss_body_composition_blood_pressure_and_glucose_tolerance_in_rats_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114507691934/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -