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Neuroprotective effects of phenylenediamine derivatives independent of an antioxidant pathway in neuronal HT22 cells.
Neurosci Lett. 2007 May 11; 418(1):102-5.NL

Abstract

Resistance to oxidative stress often determines neuronal survival in the brain. Thus, antioxidants are supposed to be promising neuroprotective compounds against neurodegenerative diseases. For example, N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPPD) reportedly exerts cytoprotective effects against oxidative stress possibly by acting as an antioxidant. DPPD can give electron(s) to free radicals and thus scavenge them, and protect the cells from oxidative stress. The antioxidative activities of DPPD are prominent at the micromolar order, but what about its effects at much lower concentrations? We concluded that DPPD has two actions on neuronal cells, antioxidant activity and an unknown neuroprotective effect, which are effective at micromolar and nanomolar levels, respectively. In the present report, we found that DPPD inhibited cell death caused by oxidative stress at nanomolar order (1/1000 lower than concentrations needed for antioxidant activity) and that the effects were independent of antioxidant activities. DPPD inhibited the oxidative glutamate toxicity but not the tumor necrosis factor alpha-, hydrogen peroxide-, or xanthine+xanthine oxidase-induced death of HT22 cells, a mouse neuronal cell line. DPPD and phenylenediamine derivatives protected HT22 cells against oxidative glutamate toxicity at nanomolar concentrations. By studying the structure-function relationship of these compounds, we found the structure of phenyl-amine-phenyl-amine-phenyl (or butyl) to be essential for the neuroprotective effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Welfare Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University, Ueda 4-3-5, Morioka, Iwate 020-8551, Japan. tsatoh@iwate-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17400379

Citation

Satoh, Takumi, and Masanori Izumi. "Neuroprotective Effects of Phenylenediamine Derivatives Independent of an Antioxidant Pathway in Neuronal HT22 Cells." Neuroscience Letters, vol. 418, no. 1, 2007, pp. 102-5.
Satoh T, Izumi M. Neuroprotective effects of phenylenediamine derivatives independent of an antioxidant pathway in neuronal HT22 cells. Neurosci Lett. 2007;418(1):102-5.
Satoh, T., & Izumi, M. (2007). Neuroprotective effects of phenylenediamine derivatives independent of an antioxidant pathway in neuronal HT22 cells. Neuroscience Letters, 418(1), 102-5.
Satoh T, Izumi M. Neuroprotective Effects of Phenylenediamine Derivatives Independent of an Antioxidant Pathway in Neuronal HT22 Cells. Neurosci Lett. 2007 May 11;418(1):102-5. PubMed PMID: 17400379.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neuroprotective effects of phenylenediamine derivatives independent of an antioxidant pathway in neuronal HT22 cells. AU - Satoh,Takumi, AU - Izumi,Masanori, Y1 - 2007/03/12/ PY - 2007/01/18/received PY - 2007/02/20/revised PY - 2007/03/02/accepted PY - 2007/4/3/pubmed PY - 2007/7/13/medline PY - 2007/4/3/entrez SP - 102 EP - 5 JF - Neuroscience letters JO - Neurosci Lett VL - 418 IS - 1 N2 - Resistance to oxidative stress often determines neuronal survival in the brain. Thus, antioxidants are supposed to be promising neuroprotective compounds against neurodegenerative diseases. For example, N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPPD) reportedly exerts cytoprotective effects against oxidative stress possibly by acting as an antioxidant. DPPD can give electron(s) to free radicals and thus scavenge them, and protect the cells from oxidative stress. The antioxidative activities of DPPD are prominent at the micromolar order, but what about its effects at much lower concentrations? We concluded that DPPD has two actions on neuronal cells, antioxidant activity and an unknown neuroprotective effect, which are effective at micromolar and nanomolar levels, respectively. In the present report, we found that DPPD inhibited cell death caused by oxidative stress at nanomolar order (1/1000 lower than concentrations needed for antioxidant activity) and that the effects were independent of antioxidant activities. DPPD inhibited the oxidative glutamate toxicity but not the tumor necrosis factor alpha-, hydrogen peroxide-, or xanthine+xanthine oxidase-induced death of HT22 cells, a mouse neuronal cell line. DPPD and phenylenediamine derivatives protected HT22 cells against oxidative glutamate toxicity at nanomolar concentrations. By studying the structure-function relationship of these compounds, we found the structure of phenyl-amine-phenyl-amine-phenyl (or butyl) to be essential for the neuroprotective effects. SN - 0304-3940 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17400379/Neuroprotective_effects_of_phenylenediamine_derivatives_independent_of_an_antioxidant_pathway_in_neuronal_HT22_cells_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-3940(07)00276-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -