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Factors influencing variation in locomotor-respiratory coupling in standardbred trotters in the field.
Equine Vet J Suppl. 2006 AugEV

Abstract

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY

A close relationship between limb and respiratory rhythms has been shown in clinically healthy galloping horses due to mechanical constraints in the thoracic region. This synchronisation leads to a 1/1 ratio between stride frequency (SF) and respiratory frequency (RF) during galloping. Very little is known about locomotor-respiratory coupling (LRC) during fast trot.

OBJECTIVES

To investigate stride and respiratory rates during a standardised exercise test on the track in Standardbred Trotters.

METHODS

Forty-four French trotters age 2-10 years performed a standardised exercise test consisting of three 3 min steps at constant speeds. Speed (V) of exercise varied between 500 and 750 m/min. Variables measured during exercise: SF, heart rate, RF using a microphone between the nostrils, blood lactate concentration. Physiological variables V4 and V200 were calculated and race performance index recorded.

RESULTS

There was no age-related difference in RF or in LRC. Two LRC strategies were found: around 1/1 ratio and 3/2 ratio between SF and RF, respectively. A relationship between SF/RF ratio and physiological parameters showed a higher LRC in good performers because of a lower RF during submaximal and maximal exercise.

CONCLUSION

RF is significantly lower and LRC significantly higher in good compared to poor performers.

POTENTIAL RELEVANCE

Investigation is required to ensure that the breathing techniques of trotters may be used in the selection process of racehorses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pégase Mayenne, Département de médecine du Sport, Centre Hospitalier, 53 015 Laval, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17402484

Citation

Cotrel, C, et al. "Factors Influencing Variation in Locomotor-respiratory Coupling in Standardbred Trotters in the Field." Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement, 2006, pp. 562-6.
Cotrel C, Leleu C, Courouce-Malblanc A. Factors influencing variation in locomotor-respiratory coupling in standardbred trotters in the field. Equine Vet J Suppl. 2006.
Cotrel, C., Leleu, C., & Courouce-Malblanc, A. (2006). Factors influencing variation in locomotor-respiratory coupling in standardbred trotters in the field. Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement, (36), 562-6.
Cotrel C, Leleu C, Courouce-Malblanc A. Factors Influencing Variation in Locomotor-respiratory Coupling in Standardbred Trotters in the Field. Equine Vet J Suppl. 2006;(36)562-6. PubMed PMID: 17402484.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Factors influencing variation in locomotor-respiratory coupling in standardbred trotters in the field. AU - Cotrel,C, AU - Leleu,C, AU - Courouce-Malblanc,A, PY - 2007/4/4/pubmed PY - 2007/5/3/medline PY - 2007/4/4/entrez SP - 562 EP - 6 JF - Equine veterinary journal. Supplement JO - Equine Vet J Suppl IS - 36 N2 - REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: A close relationship between limb and respiratory rhythms has been shown in clinically healthy galloping horses due to mechanical constraints in the thoracic region. This synchronisation leads to a 1/1 ratio between stride frequency (SF) and respiratory frequency (RF) during galloping. Very little is known about locomotor-respiratory coupling (LRC) during fast trot. OBJECTIVES: To investigate stride and respiratory rates during a standardised exercise test on the track in Standardbred Trotters. METHODS: Forty-four French trotters age 2-10 years performed a standardised exercise test consisting of three 3 min steps at constant speeds. Speed (V) of exercise varied between 500 and 750 m/min. Variables measured during exercise: SF, heart rate, RF using a microphone between the nostrils, blood lactate concentration. Physiological variables V4 and V200 were calculated and race performance index recorded. RESULTS: There was no age-related difference in RF or in LRC. Two LRC strategies were found: around 1/1 ratio and 3/2 ratio between SF and RF, respectively. A relationship between SF/RF ratio and physiological parameters showed a higher LRC in good performers because of a lower RF during submaximal and maximal exercise. CONCLUSION: RF is significantly lower and LRC significantly higher in good compared to poor performers. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: Investigation is required to ensure that the breathing techniques of trotters may be used in the selection process of racehorses. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17402484/Factors_influencing_variation_in_locomotor_respiratory_coupling_in_standardbred_trotters_in_the_field_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-3306.2006.tb05605.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -