Differentiation of young red wines based on chemometrics of minor polyphenolic constituents.J Agric Food Chem. 2007 May 02; 55(9):3233-9.JA
For reasons of examining any possible discrimination of young red wines based on selected, minor polyphenols, a survey was carried out including 35 samples originating from three Hellenic native and three international Vitis vinifera cultivars from various regions of Greece. All samples were experimental wines vinified and stored under identical conditions, in an effort to minimize the effect of different winemaking technologies as well as aging. The polyphenols analyzed belonged to two categories: benzoic acid derivatives, including gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, and syringic acid, and stilbenes, including astringin, piceid, and resveratrol (all trans isomers). Data handling employing discriminant analysis (DA) yielded very satisfactory categorization of samples in terms of both cultivar and geographical region of origin. This outcome was discussed with regard to the value of certain minor polyphenols that could serve as characteristic indices for discrimination of varietal red wines, after appropriate implementation of chemometrics.