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Prevalence of circumcision and herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004.
Sex Transm Dis 2007; 34(7):479-84ST

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To study the prevalence of circumcision in the United States and to examine the association between circumcision and herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) infection.

METHODS

As part of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1999 to 2004, 6174 men were interviewed about circumcision status and sexual behaviors, and were tested for HSV-2 antibodies. Medical artwork was used to aid the reporting of circumcision status.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of circumcision was 79% and varied by race/ethnicity (88% in non-Hispanic whites, 73% in non-Hispanic blacks, 42% in Mexican Americans, and 50% in others). For men born in the United States from 1940 through 1979, the prevalence of circumcision increased, with larger increases in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans than in non-Hispanic whites; the prevalence of circumcision decreased significantly in those born in the 1980s (84%) compared to those born in 1970s (91%) (P <0.001). Circumcision status was not associated with sexual behaviors we assessed. In multivariate analyses, circumcision was not associated with HSV-2 infection (P = 0.47).

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of circumcision apparently peaked in those born in the 1970s and declined in those born in the 1980s. Circumcision was not associated with HSV-2 infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA. fax1@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17413536

Citation

Xu, Fujie, et al. "Prevalence of Circumcision and Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection in Men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004." Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 34, no. 7, 2007, pp. 479-84.
Xu F, Markowitz LE, Sternberg MR, et al. Prevalence of circumcision and herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004. Sex Transm Dis. 2007;34(7):479-84.
Xu, F., Markowitz, L. E., Sternberg, M. R., & Aral, S. O. (2007). Prevalence of circumcision and herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(7), pp. 479-84.
Xu F, et al. Prevalence of Circumcision and Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection in Men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004. Sex Transm Dis. 2007;34(7):479-84. PubMed PMID: 17413536.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of circumcision and herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in men in the United States: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2004. AU - Xu,Fujie, AU - Markowitz,Lauri E, AU - Sternberg,Maya R, AU - Aral,Sevgi O, PY - 2007/4/7/pubmed PY - 2007/7/27/medline PY - 2007/4/7/entrez SP - 479 EP - 84 JF - Sexually transmitted diseases JO - Sex Transm Dis VL - 34 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of circumcision in the United States and to examine the association between circumcision and herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2) infection. METHODS: As part of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1999 to 2004, 6174 men were interviewed about circumcision status and sexual behaviors, and were tested for HSV-2 antibodies. Medical artwork was used to aid the reporting of circumcision status. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of circumcision was 79% and varied by race/ethnicity (88% in non-Hispanic whites, 73% in non-Hispanic blacks, 42% in Mexican Americans, and 50% in others). For men born in the United States from 1940 through 1979, the prevalence of circumcision increased, with larger increases in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans than in non-Hispanic whites; the prevalence of circumcision decreased significantly in those born in the 1980s (84%) compared to those born in 1970s (91%) (P <0.001). Circumcision status was not associated with sexual behaviors we assessed. In multivariate analyses, circumcision was not associated with HSV-2 infection (P = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of circumcision apparently peaked in those born in the 1970s and declined in those born in the 1980s. Circumcision was not associated with HSV-2 infection. SN - 0148-5717 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17413536/full_citation/Prevalence_of_Circumcision_and_Herpes_Simplex_Virus_Type_2_Infection_in_Men_in_the_United_States:_The_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey__NHANES__1999_2004_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.olq.0000253335.41841.04 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -