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Archipelago keratitis: a clinical variant of recurrent herpetic keratitis?
Ophthalmology. 2007 Nov; 114(11):2000-5.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe archipelago keratitis, a presumed clinical variant of herpetic epithelial keratitis.

DESIGN

Case series.

PARTICIPANTS

A series of 6 patients with an unusual form of superficial keratitis.

METHODS

History, including age, gender, clinical evolution, and treatment; slit-lamp biomicroscopy findings; in vivo confocal microscopy findings; and corneal epithelial scrapings were analyzed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Clinical ocular examination, a diagnostic workup including corneal scraping for herpesvirus polymerase chain reaction, in vivo confocal microscopy, and therapeutic outcome.

RESULTS

The authors describe a series of 6 patients with keratitis consisting of foci of epithelial erosions associated with subepithelial nummular inflammatory infiltrates and disposed in a radial, centripetal, archipelagolike pattern originating from the limbus. All the patients had a past history of herpetic epithelial keratitis, herpetic vesicles on the ipsilateral lid, or both. Polymerase chain reaction-based screening for herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 in corneal scrapings demonstrated positive results in 2 patients. In vivo corneal confocal microscopy revealed focal areas of hyperreflective epithelial cells and hyperreflective subepithelial dendritic structures overlying activated keratocytes. All the patients improved with oral valacyclovir treatment followed by topical steroid therapy.

CONCLUSIONS

Archipelago keratitis may be a new clinical variant of herpetic keratitis, reflecting herpetic dissemination from the limbus to the center of the cornea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Fondation Ophtalmologique A. de Rothschild and Bichat Hospital, APHP, Paris, France. egabison@free.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17418418

Citation

Gabison, Eric E., et al. "Archipelago Keratitis: a Clinical Variant of Recurrent Herpetic Keratitis?" Ophthalmology, vol. 114, no. 11, 2007, pp. 2000-5.
Gabison EE, Alfonsi N, Doan S, et al. Archipelago keratitis: a clinical variant of recurrent herpetic keratitis? Ophthalmology. 2007;114(11):2000-5.
Gabison, E. E., Alfonsi, N., Doan, S., Racine, L., Sultan, G., Baudouin, C., & Hoang-Xuan, T. (2007). Archipelago keratitis: a clinical variant of recurrent herpetic keratitis? Ophthalmology, 114(11), 2000-5.
Gabison EE, et al. Archipelago Keratitis: a Clinical Variant of Recurrent Herpetic Keratitis. Ophthalmology. 2007;114(11):2000-5. PubMed PMID: 17418418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Archipelago keratitis: a clinical variant of recurrent herpetic keratitis? AU - Gabison,Eric E, AU - Alfonsi,Nicolas, AU - Doan,Serge, AU - Racine,Louis, AU - Sultan,Gilles, AU - Baudouin,Christophe, AU - Hoang-Xuan,Thanh, Y1 - 2007/04/05/ PY - 2006/08/23/received PY - 2007/01/03/revised PY - 2007/01/05/accepted PY - 2007/4/10/pubmed PY - 2007/11/14/medline PY - 2007/4/10/entrez SP - 2000 EP - 5 JF - Ophthalmology JO - Ophthalmology VL - 114 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe archipelago keratitis, a presumed clinical variant of herpetic epithelial keratitis. DESIGN: Case series. PARTICIPANTS: A series of 6 patients with an unusual form of superficial keratitis. METHODS: History, including age, gender, clinical evolution, and treatment; slit-lamp biomicroscopy findings; in vivo confocal microscopy findings; and corneal epithelial scrapings were analyzed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical ocular examination, a diagnostic workup including corneal scraping for herpesvirus polymerase chain reaction, in vivo confocal microscopy, and therapeutic outcome. RESULTS: The authors describe a series of 6 patients with keratitis consisting of foci of epithelial erosions associated with subepithelial nummular inflammatory infiltrates and disposed in a radial, centripetal, archipelagolike pattern originating from the limbus. All the patients had a past history of herpetic epithelial keratitis, herpetic vesicles on the ipsilateral lid, or both. Polymerase chain reaction-based screening for herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 in corneal scrapings demonstrated positive results in 2 patients. In vivo corneal confocal microscopy revealed focal areas of hyperreflective epithelial cells and hyperreflective subepithelial dendritic structures overlying activated keratocytes. All the patients improved with oral valacyclovir treatment followed by topical steroid therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Archipelago keratitis may be a new clinical variant of herpetic keratitis, reflecting herpetic dissemination from the limbus to the center of the cornea. SN - 1549-4713 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17418418/Archipelago_keratitis:_a_clinical_variant_of_recurrent_herpetic_keratitis L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-6420(07)00037-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -