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Risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services: the importance of feeding practices and iron supplementation.
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2007 Mar-Apr; 83(2):149-56JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services.

METHODS

In a cross-sectional study carried out in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 205 children from 6 to 12 months were evaluated. Socioeconomic, environmental and biological data were collected, as well as information on child's birth, nutritional status, maternal data, child health care practices, feeding practices, and iron supplementation. Diagnosis of anemia was based on hemoglobin levels under 11 g/dL, using a portable Hemocue photometer. To analyze variables associated with anemia, a hierarchical logistic regression model was used.

RESULTS

The prevalence of anemia was 57.6%. Family income per capita less than 0.5 minimum wage, frequency of fruit intake less than daily and lack of iron supplementation increased the chance of anemia among infants.

CONCLUSION

Adequate health and nutrition support to low income families, promotion of healthy nutritional habits and prescription of iron supplements are of great importance to prevent and manage anemia in infants assisted by public health services.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brasil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17426870

Citation

Silva, Danielle G., et al. "Risk Factors for Anemia in Infants Assisted By Public Health Services: the Importance of Feeding Practices and Iron Supplementation." Jornal De Pediatria, vol. 83, no. 2, 2007, pp. 149-56.
Silva DG, Priore SE, Franceschini Sdo C. Risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services: the importance of feeding practices and iron supplementation. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2007;83(2):149-56.
Silva, D. G., Priore, S. E., & Franceschini, S. d. o. . C. (2007). Risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services: the importance of feeding practices and iron supplementation. Jornal De Pediatria, 83(2), pp. 149-56.
Silva DG, Priore SE, Franceschini Sdo C. Risk Factors for Anemia in Infants Assisted By Public Health Services: the Importance of Feeding Practices and Iron Supplementation. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2007;83(2):149-56. PubMed PMID: 17426870.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services: the importance of feeding practices and iron supplementation. AU - Silva,Danielle G, AU - Priore,Silvia E, AU - Franceschini,Sylvia do C C, PY - 2007/4/12/pubmed PY - 2008/2/29/medline PY - 2007/4/12/entrez SP - 149 EP - 56 JF - Jornal de pediatria JO - J Pediatr (Rio J) VL - 83 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for anemia in infants assisted by public health services. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study carried out in Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 205 children from 6 to 12 months were evaluated. Socioeconomic, environmental and biological data were collected, as well as information on child's birth, nutritional status, maternal data, child health care practices, feeding practices, and iron supplementation. Diagnosis of anemia was based on hemoglobin levels under 11 g/dL, using a portable Hemocue photometer. To analyze variables associated with anemia, a hierarchical logistic regression model was used. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia was 57.6%. Family income per capita less than 0.5 minimum wage, frequency of fruit intake less than daily and lack of iron supplementation increased the chance of anemia among infants. CONCLUSION: Adequate health and nutrition support to low income families, promotion of healthy nutritional habits and prescription of iron supplements are of great importance to prevent and manage anemia in infants assisted by public health services. SN - 0021-7557 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17426870/Risk_factors_for_anemia_in_infants_assisted_by_public_health_services:_the_importance_of_feeding_practices_and_iron_supplementation_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1603 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -