Comparison of osteoporosis self assessment tool for Asian (OSTA) and standard assessment in Menopause Clinic, Chiang Mai.J Med Assoc Thai. 2007 Mar; 90(3):420-5.JM
To compare osteoporosis self assessment tool for Asian (OSTA) with the standard measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) by dual energy x-rays absorptiometry (DXA) in- identifying the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in Thai menopausal women who attended the Menopause Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University.
MATERIAL AND METHOD
The data was retrospectively collected from the medical records of women who had lumbar femoral neck and radius BMD t-score measurement by DXA (Hologic, QDR-4500C) between January 2004 and December 2005. The body weight and age ofpatients were calculated for the OSTA index score. The women with OSTA score < -1 and > or = -1 were classified as "moderate to high risk" and "low risk" for fracture, respectively. The BMD T-scores of < -1 and > or = -1 were classified as "osteopenia to osteoporosis " and "normal" respectively.
Three hundred and fifteen menopausal women of the age of 45-87 years were included. The BMD T-scores assessment revealed that more than half of the subjects had osteopenia to osteoporosis (T-score < or = -1), 196 women (62%) at lumbar spine, 133 women (42.2%) at femur and a third, 114 women (36.2%) at radius respectively. The OSTA index at the standard cut-point of < -1 had a sensitivity and specificity of 36.2% and 71.4% respectively for the lumbar spine and 40.6% and 72.0% respectively for the neck of the femur in predicting osteopenia to osteoporosis status.
The OSTA index score had a low sensitivity (36-48%) but a high specificity (71-75%) for identifying osteopenic to osteoporotic women among population of menopausal period Nevertheless, it is a useful screening tool in old age women (> 65 years).