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The spectrum of substance abuse in bipolar disorder: reasons for use, sensation seeking and substance sensitivity.
Bipolar Disord. 2007 May; 9(3):213-20.BD

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To examine the spectrum of alcohol and substance abuse, including reasons for use, in patients with bipolar I disorder, compared with patients with substance use disorder and healthy controls, with a specific focus on the relationship between substance use, substance sensitivity, other comorbid psychiatric symptoms and traits related to sensation seeking.

METHODS

This study included 104 patients with bipolar I disorder (BPD I), of whom 57 (54.8%) met DSM-IV criteria for lifetime alcohol or substance use disorder (BPD + SUD), 35 patients with substance use disorder (SUD) and no psychiatric disorder and 50 healthy controls. Assessments included the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID) and the Structured Clinical Interview for the Spectrum of Substance Use (SCI-SUBS).

RESULTS

Patients with BPD + SUD and SUD had significantly higher scores on the SCI-SUBS domains of self-medication, substance sensitivity and sensation seeking compared with patients with BPD and healthy controls. Reasons for substance use did not differ between patients with BPD + SUD and patients with SUD. Those most frequently cited were: improving mood; relieving tension; alleviating boredom; achieving/maintaining euphoria; and increasing energy.

CONCLUSIONS

Recourse to substances is associated with increased mood and anxiety symptoms, substance sensitivity, and sensation seeking among patients with BPD + SUD and SUD. Substance sensitivity and sensation seeking traits should be investigated in all patients with BPD as possible factors associated with a development of SUD, in order to warn patients of the specific risks related to improper use of medications and substances.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Drug Addiction Service, Bolzano, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17430295

Citation

Bizzarri, Jacopo V., et al. "The Spectrum of Substance Abuse in Bipolar Disorder: Reasons for Use, Sensation Seeking and Substance Sensitivity." Bipolar Disorders, vol. 9, no. 3, 2007, pp. 213-20.
Bizzarri JV, Sbrana A, Rucci P, et al. The spectrum of substance abuse in bipolar disorder: reasons for use, sensation seeking and substance sensitivity. Bipolar Disord. 2007;9(3):213-20.
Bizzarri, J. V., Sbrana, A., Rucci, P., Ravani, L., Massei, G. J., Gonnelli, C., Spagnolli, S., Doria, M. R., Raimondi, F., Endicott, J., Dell'Osso, L., & Cassano, G. B. (2007). The spectrum of substance abuse in bipolar disorder: reasons for use, sensation seeking and substance sensitivity. Bipolar Disorders, 9(3), 213-20.
Bizzarri JV, et al. The Spectrum of Substance Abuse in Bipolar Disorder: Reasons for Use, Sensation Seeking and Substance Sensitivity. Bipolar Disord. 2007;9(3):213-20. PubMed PMID: 17430295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The spectrum of substance abuse in bipolar disorder: reasons for use, sensation seeking and substance sensitivity. AU - Bizzarri,Jacopo V, AU - Sbrana,Alfredo, AU - Rucci,Paola, AU - Ravani,Laura, AU - Massei,Guido Jacopo, AU - Gonnelli,Chiara, AU - Spagnolli,Sabrina, AU - Doria,Maria Rosa, AU - Raimondi,Federica, AU - Endicott,Jean, AU - Dell'Osso,Liliana, AU - Cassano,Giovanni Battista, PY - 2007/4/14/pubmed PY - 2007/7/11/medline PY - 2007/4/14/entrez SP - 213 EP - 20 JF - Bipolar disorders JO - Bipolar Disord VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To examine the spectrum of alcohol and substance abuse, including reasons for use, in patients with bipolar I disorder, compared with patients with substance use disorder and healthy controls, with a specific focus on the relationship between substance use, substance sensitivity, other comorbid psychiatric symptoms and traits related to sensation seeking. METHODS: This study included 104 patients with bipolar I disorder (BPD I), of whom 57 (54.8%) met DSM-IV criteria for lifetime alcohol or substance use disorder (BPD + SUD), 35 patients with substance use disorder (SUD) and no psychiatric disorder and 50 healthy controls. Assessments included the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID) and the Structured Clinical Interview for the Spectrum of Substance Use (SCI-SUBS). RESULTS: Patients with BPD + SUD and SUD had significantly higher scores on the SCI-SUBS domains of self-medication, substance sensitivity and sensation seeking compared with patients with BPD and healthy controls. Reasons for substance use did not differ between patients with BPD + SUD and patients with SUD. Those most frequently cited were: improving mood; relieving tension; alleviating boredom; achieving/maintaining euphoria; and increasing energy. CONCLUSIONS: Recourse to substances is associated with increased mood and anxiety symptoms, substance sensitivity, and sensation seeking among patients with BPD + SUD and SUD. Substance sensitivity and sensation seeking traits should be investigated in all patients with BPD as possible factors associated with a development of SUD, in order to warn patients of the specific risks related to improper use of medications and substances. SN - 1398-5647 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17430295/The_spectrum_of_substance_abuse_in_bipolar_disorder:_reasons_for_use_sensation_seeking_and_substance_sensitivity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2007.00383.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -