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Mild gestational diabetes in pregnancy and the adipoinsular axis in babies born to mothers in the ACHOIS randomised controlled trial.
BMC Pediatr 2007; 7:18BPed

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Mild gestational diabetes is a common complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 9% of pregnant women. Treatment of mild GDM is known to reduce adverse perinatal outcomes such as macrosomia and associated birth injuries, such as shoulder dystocia, bone fractures and nerve palsies. This study aimed to compare the plasma glucose concentrations and serum insulin, leptin and adiponectin in cord blood of babies of women (a) without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), (b) with mild GDM under routine care, or (c) mild GDM with treatment.

METHODS

95 women with mild GDM on oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) at one tertiary level maternity hospital who had been recruited to the ACHOIS trial at one of the collaborating hospitals and randomised to either Treatment (n = 46) or Routine Care (n = 49) and Control women with a normal OGTT (n = 133) were included in the study. Women with mild GDM (treatment or routine care group) and OGTT normal women received routine pregnancy care. In addition, women with treated mild GDM received dietary advice, blood glucose monitoring and insulin if necessary. The primary outcome measures were cord blood concentrations of glucose, insulin, adiponectin and leptin.

RESULTS

Cord plasma glucose was higher in women receiving routine care compared with control, but was normalized by treatment for mild GDM (p = 0.01). Cord serum insulin and insulin to glucose ratio were similar between the three groups. Leptin concentration in cord serum was lower in GDM treated women compared with routine care (p = 0.02) and not different to control (p = 0.11). Adiponectin was lower in both mild GDM groups compared with control (Treatment p = 0.02 and Routine Care p = 0.07), while the adiponectin to leptin ratio was lower for women receiving routine care compared with treatment (p = 0.08) and control (p = 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Treatment of women with mild GDM using diet, blood glucose monitoring and insulin if necessary, influences the altered fetal adipoinsular axis characteristic of mild GDM in pregnancy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Adelaide, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, SA, Australia. louise.pirc@nwahs.sa.gov.au <louise.pirc@nwahs.sa.gov.au>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17430602

Citation

Pirc, Louise K., et al. "Mild Gestational Diabetes in Pregnancy and the Adipoinsular Axis in Babies Born to Mothers in the ACHOIS Randomised Controlled Trial." BMC Pediatrics, vol. 7, 2007, p. 18.
Pirc LK, Owens JA, Crowther CA, et al. Mild gestational diabetes in pregnancy and the adipoinsular axis in babies born to mothers in the ACHOIS randomised controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2007;7:18.
Pirc, L. K., Owens, J. A., Crowther, C. A., Willson, K., De Blasio, M. J., & Robinson, J. S. (2007). Mild gestational diabetes in pregnancy and the adipoinsular axis in babies born to mothers in the ACHOIS randomised controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics, 7, p. 18.
Pirc LK, et al. Mild Gestational Diabetes in Pregnancy and the Adipoinsular Axis in Babies Born to Mothers in the ACHOIS Randomised Controlled Trial. BMC Pediatr. 2007 Apr 12;7:18. PubMed PMID: 17430602.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mild gestational diabetes in pregnancy and the adipoinsular axis in babies born to mothers in the ACHOIS randomised controlled trial. AU - Pirc,Louise K, AU - Owens,Julie A, AU - Crowther,Caroline A, AU - Willson,Kristyn, AU - De Blasio,Miles J, AU - Robinson,Jeffrey S, Y1 - 2007/04/12/ PY - 2006/07/13/received PY - 2007/04/12/accepted PY - 2007/4/14/pubmed PY - 2007/5/31/medline PY - 2007/4/14/entrez SP - 18 EP - 18 JF - BMC pediatrics JO - BMC Pediatr VL - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Mild gestational diabetes is a common complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 9% of pregnant women. Treatment of mild GDM is known to reduce adverse perinatal outcomes such as macrosomia and associated birth injuries, such as shoulder dystocia, bone fractures and nerve palsies. This study aimed to compare the plasma glucose concentrations and serum insulin, leptin and adiponectin in cord blood of babies of women (a) without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), (b) with mild GDM under routine care, or (c) mild GDM with treatment. METHODS: 95 women with mild GDM on oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) at one tertiary level maternity hospital who had been recruited to the ACHOIS trial at one of the collaborating hospitals and randomised to either Treatment (n = 46) or Routine Care (n = 49) and Control women with a normal OGTT (n = 133) were included in the study. Women with mild GDM (treatment or routine care group) and OGTT normal women received routine pregnancy care. In addition, women with treated mild GDM received dietary advice, blood glucose monitoring and insulin if necessary. The primary outcome measures were cord blood concentrations of glucose, insulin, adiponectin and leptin. RESULTS: Cord plasma glucose was higher in women receiving routine care compared with control, but was normalized by treatment for mild GDM (p = 0.01). Cord serum insulin and insulin to glucose ratio were similar between the three groups. Leptin concentration in cord serum was lower in GDM treated women compared with routine care (p = 0.02) and not different to control (p = 0.11). Adiponectin was lower in both mild GDM groups compared with control (Treatment p = 0.02 and Routine Care p = 0.07), while the adiponectin to leptin ratio was lower for women receiving routine care compared with treatment (p = 0.08) and control (p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Treatment of women with mild GDM using diet, blood glucose monitoring and insulin if necessary, influences the altered fetal adipoinsular axis characteristic of mild GDM in pregnancy. SN - 1471-2431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17430602/Mild_gestational_diabetes_in_pregnancy_and_the_adipoinsular_axis_in_babies_born_to_mothers_in_the_ACHOIS_randomised_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2431-7-18 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -