[Dopamine-dependent character of depressive-like behavior in WAG/Rij rats with genetic absence epilepsy].Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2007 Jan-Feb; 57(1):91-102.ZV
Placebo-treated WAG/Rij rats (as compared to normal Wistar rats without seizure pathology) exhibited depressive-like behavior similar to that of intact rats of the same strain: decreased exploratory activity in the open field test, increased immobility in the forced swimming test, decreased sucrose consumption and preference (anhedonia). Chronic injection of tricyclic antidepressant imipramine (15 mg/kg. i.p., for 15 days) exerted a therapeutic (antidepressant) effect on depressive-like behavior in WAG/Rij rats. After cessation of antidepressant therapy, the behavior of WAG/Rij rats didn't significantly differ from that of Wistar rats. Acute (single) injection of selective D2/D3 dopamine receptor antagonist raclopride (100 microg/kg, i.p., 15 min prior to behavioral testing) aggravated the symptoms of depressive-like behavior and suppressed antidepressant effect of chronic injection of imipramine in WAG/Rij rats, whereas it didn't exert a substantial effect on behavior of Wistar rats. Injection of D2/D3 dopamine receptor agonist Parlodel (bromocriptine) counteracted the depressive-like behavior in WAG/Rij rats and didn't exert substantial influence on behavior of Wistar rats with the exception of a decrease in immobility time in the forced swimming test. Injections of imipramine and raclopride didn't exert significant influences on the level of general locomotor activity and anxiety both in WAG/Rij and Wistar rats. The results demonstrate the dopamine-dependent character of depressive-like behavior in WAG/Rij rats, and indicate possible involvement of dopamine D2-like receptors in mediation of the antidepressant effect of imipramine on genetically determined depressive-like behavior in WAG/Rij rats.