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Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposure.
J Anxiety Disord. 2008; 22(2):328-36.JA

Abstract

This study examined the specificity of disgust sensitivity in predicting fear and disgust responses to exposure to a spider. Participants high (n=22) and low (n=28) in spider fear completed self-report measures of disgust sensitivity, contamination fear, anxiety, and negative affect. They then participated in a behavioral avoidance task (BAT) in which they were briefly exposed to a realistic-looking, but fake, tarantula. Results revealed that disgust sensitivity was associated with fear and disgust responding to the BAT. The association between disgust sensitivity and disgust responding to the BAT remained significant after controlling for gender, spider fear group membership, contamination fear, anxiety, and negative affect. However, the association between disgust sensitivity and fear responding to the BAT was only marginally significant after controlling for the same variables. Contamination fear was also strongly related to fear and disgust responding to the BAT. However, this relationship was fully mediated by disgust sensitivity. These findings indicate that disgust sensitivity has a unique association with aversive responding to spiders. The implications of these findings for better understanding the complex role of fear and disgust as they related to disgust sensitivity in spider phobia are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. olubunmi.o.olatunji@vanderbilt.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17433618

Citation

Olatunji, Bunmi O., and Brett Deacon. "Specificity of Disgust Sensitivity in the Prediction of Fear and Disgust Responding to a Brief Spider Exposure." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 22, no. 2, 2008, pp. 328-36.
Olatunji BO, Deacon B. Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposure. J Anxiety Disord. 2008;22(2):328-36.
Olatunji, B. O., & Deacon, B. (2008). Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposure. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22(2), 328-36.
Olatunji BO, Deacon B. Specificity of Disgust Sensitivity in the Prediction of Fear and Disgust Responding to a Brief Spider Exposure. J Anxiety Disord. 2008;22(2):328-36. PubMed PMID: 17433618.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposure. AU - Olatunji,Bunmi O, AU - Deacon,Brett, Y1 - 2007/03/19/ PY - 2007/02/15/received PY - 2007/03/12/revised PY - 2007/03/13/accepted PY - 2007/4/17/pubmed PY - 2008/4/4/medline PY - 2007/4/17/entrez SP - 328 EP - 36 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - This study examined the specificity of disgust sensitivity in predicting fear and disgust responses to exposure to a spider. Participants high (n=22) and low (n=28) in spider fear completed self-report measures of disgust sensitivity, contamination fear, anxiety, and negative affect. They then participated in a behavioral avoidance task (BAT) in which they were briefly exposed to a realistic-looking, but fake, tarantula. Results revealed that disgust sensitivity was associated with fear and disgust responding to the BAT. The association between disgust sensitivity and disgust responding to the BAT remained significant after controlling for gender, spider fear group membership, contamination fear, anxiety, and negative affect. However, the association between disgust sensitivity and fear responding to the BAT was only marginally significant after controlling for the same variables. Contamination fear was also strongly related to fear and disgust responding to the BAT. However, this relationship was fully mediated by disgust sensitivity. These findings indicate that disgust sensitivity has a unique association with aversive responding to spiders. The implications of these findings for better understanding the complex role of fear and disgust as they related to disgust sensitivity in spider phobia are discussed. SN - 0887-6185 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17433618/Specificity_of_disgust_sensitivity_in_the_prediction_of_fear_and_disgust_responding_to_a_brief_spider_exposure_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(07)00081-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -