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Outdoor air pollution: counseling and exposure risk reduction.
Am J Med Sci. 2007 Apr; 333(4):257-60.AJ

Abstract

Air pollution is monitored on a daily basis in large population centers in the United States and reported to the general public through a variety of media outlets as the Air Quality Index. This index is based on current national air quality standards for criteria air pollutants established by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Patients at increased risk for adverse effects of inhaled air pollutants include those who have been diagnosed with chronic lung disease and cardiovascular disease, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease, although others may also be at risk during periods of unusually high pollutant levels. These patients should be educated regarding what symptoms may be related to poor air quality and how they can monitor the Air Quality Index to modify their activity to prevent symptoms and other adverse events. Heavy outdoor exertion should be avoided on days expected to have poor air quality, or performed earlier in the day on days when outdoor activity cannot be avoided. We recommend advising patients in clear, strong, personalized language that air pollution is harmful and that persons with cardiopulmonary disease are at elevated risk of experiencing a serious adverse health effect from exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17435421

Citation

Shofer, Scott, et al. "Outdoor Air Pollution: Counseling and Exposure Risk Reduction." The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 333, no. 4, 2007, pp. 257-60.
Shofer S, Chen TM, Gokhale J, et al. Outdoor air pollution: counseling and exposure risk reduction. Am J Med Sci. 2007;333(4):257-60.
Shofer, S., Chen, T. M., Gokhale, J., & Kuschner, W. G. (2007). Outdoor air pollution: counseling and exposure risk reduction. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 333(4), 257-60.
Shofer S, et al. Outdoor Air Pollution: Counseling and Exposure Risk Reduction. Am J Med Sci. 2007;333(4):257-60. PubMed PMID: 17435421.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Outdoor air pollution: counseling and exposure risk reduction. AU - Shofer,Scott, AU - Chen,Tze-Ming, AU - Gokhale,Janaki, AU - Kuschner,Ware G, PY - 2007/4/17/pubmed PY - 2007/5/18/medline PY - 2007/4/17/entrez SP - 257 EP - 60 JF - The American journal of the medical sciences JO - Am J Med Sci VL - 333 IS - 4 N2 - Air pollution is monitored on a daily basis in large population centers in the United States and reported to the general public through a variety of media outlets as the Air Quality Index. This index is based on current national air quality standards for criteria air pollutants established by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Patients at increased risk for adverse effects of inhaled air pollutants include those who have been diagnosed with chronic lung disease and cardiovascular disease, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease, although others may also be at risk during periods of unusually high pollutant levels. These patients should be educated regarding what symptoms may be related to poor air quality and how they can monitor the Air Quality Index to modify their activity to prevent symptoms and other adverse events. Heavy outdoor exertion should be avoided on days expected to have poor air quality, or performed earlier in the day on days when outdoor activity cannot be avoided. We recommend advising patients in clear, strong, personalized language that air pollution is harmful and that persons with cardiopulmonary disease are at elevated risk of experiencing a serious adverse health effect from exposure. SN - 0002-9629 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17435421/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9629(15)32594-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -