Enantioselective synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyran-2-ones by domino Michael addition and lactonization with new asymmetric organocatalysts: cinchona-alkaloid-derived chiral quaternary ammonium phenoxides.Chem Asian J. 2007 Jan 08; 2(1):123-34.CA
Chiral quaternary ammonium phenoxides were readily prepared from commercially available cinchona alkaloids and proved to be useful new asymmetric organocatalysts. Among various chiral quaternary ammonium phenoxides, a cinchonidine-derived catalyst that bears both a sterically hindered N1-9-anthracenylmethyl group and a strongly electron withdrawing 9-O-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl group were found to be highly effective for the Michael addition of ketene silyl acetals (derived from phenyl carboxylates) and alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones followed by lactonization. Optically active 3,4-dihydropyran-2-one derivatives were obtained in high yields with excellent control of enantio- and diastereoselectivity. This catalyst can be handled in air and stored at room temperature in a sealed bottle without decomposition for at least one month.