Serum leptin and adiponectin are positively associated with bone mineral density at the distal radius in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Metabolism. 2007 May; 56(5):623-8.M
There have been several reports about associations of serum leptin or adiponectin with bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover. However, the precise roles of adipocytokines in bone metabolism have not been fully elucidated. We investigated the associations of serum level of leptin or adiponectin with bone mineral density, serum osteocalcin, and urinary N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX) in 40 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Bone mineral density was measured by using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at different sites (distal radius, femoral neck, and lumbar spine) and was expressed as z score. Multiple regression analysis revealed that there were significant positive correlations between serum leptin or adiponectin level and z score at the distal radius, but not at the femoral neck or the lumbar spine. Although no correlation was observed between serum leptin and serum osteocalcin, there was a significant negative correlation between serum leptin and urinary NTX, a marker of bone resorption. No correlation was observed between serum adiponectin and serum osteocalcin or urinary NTX. These results indicate that leptin and adiponectin may have a protective effect on bone metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.