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Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas.
Surg Neurol. 2007 May; 67(5):472-81; discussion 481-2.SN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula is uncommon but is a life-threatening lesion. We present our experience with 5 patients with TDAVFs, review the relevant literature, and present the rationale of our current management strategy.

METHOD

The data of 5 patients with TDAVFs treated in Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China, between June 2002 and May 2003 were reviewed retrospectively, including their illness history, neuroimaging, operation records, and follow-up data.

RESULTS

There were 3 females and 2 males with ages from 25 to 52 years (average, 38 years). Clinical manifestations were acute SAH in 2 patients and progressive neurologic deficits in 3 patients. Magnetic resonance imaging and DSA were major diagnostic and follow-up modalities. All cases belonged to Borden classification type 3. A tentorial marginal type was present in 3 cases, a tentorial lateral type in 1 case, and a tentorial medial type in 1 case. Preoperative transarterial embolization was done in 3 patients. All patients underwent craniotomy with the coagulation of the fistulas and surrounding tentorial dura mater, and the disconnection of leptomeningeal venous drainage. The surgical approaches were via transanterior petrous approach in 3 cases, subtemporal intradural approach in 1 case, and unilateral occipital and transtentorial approach in 1 case. All patients had clinical improvement. There was no surgical mortality and morbidity. Postoperative DSA confirmed obliteration of TDAVFs in 3 cases; MRI demonstrated the thrombosis of venous aneurysm and disappearance of previous brainstem edema in 1 case, and partial thrombosis of venous aneurysm in another case. Follow-up study ranging from 2 to 3 years (average, 2.5 years) showed no recurrence, and all patients have resumed their normal activities.

CONCLUSIONS

Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas are aggressive vascular lesions causing SAH and progressive neurologic deficits. Prompt diagnosis and definite treatment are mandatory. Obliteration of the fistulas and/or leptomeningeal venous drainage should be the goal of treatment. Microsurgical procedures with/without endovascular intervention are the best choice of treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Neurosurgical Center, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China. lfzhouc@online.sh.cn <lfzhouc@online.sh.cn>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17445607

Citation

Zhou, Liang-Fu, et al. "Tentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas." Surgical Neurology, vol. 67, no. 5, 2007, pp. 472-81; discussion 481-2.
Zhou LF, Chen L, Song DL, et al. Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Surg Neurol. 2007;67(5):472-81; discussion 481-2.
Zhou, L. F., Chen, L., Song, D. L., Gu, Y. X., & Leng, B. (2007). Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Surgical Neurology, 67(5), 472-81; discussion 481-2.
Zhou LF, et al. Tentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas. Surg Neurol. 2007;67(5):472-81; discussion 481-2. PubMed PMID: 17445607.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas. AU - Zhou,Liang-Fu, AU - Chen,Liang, AU - Song,Dong-Lei, AU - Gu,Yu-Xiang, AU - Leng,Bing, PY - 2006/04/11/received PY - 2006/08/19/accepted PY - 2007/4/21/pubmed PY - 2007/7/13/medline PY - 2007/4/21/entrez SP - 472-81; discussion 481-2 JF - Surgical neurology JO - Surg Neurol VL - 67 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula is uncommon but is a life-threatening lesion. We present our experience with 5 patients with TDAVFs, review the relevant literature, and present the rationale of our current management strategy. METHOD: The data of 5 patients with TDAVFs treated in Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China, between June 2002 and May 2003 were reviewed retrospectively, including their illness history, neuroimaging, operation records, and follow-up data. RESULTS: There were 3 females and 2 males with ages from 25 to 52 years (average, 38 years). Clinical manifestations were acute SAH in 2 patients and progressive neurologic deficits in 3 patients. Magnetic resonance imaging and DSA were major diagnostic and follow-up modalities. All cases belonged to Borden classification type 3. A tentorial marginal type was present in 3 cases, a tentorial lateral type in 1 case, and a tentorial medial type in 1 case. Preoperative transarterial embolization was done in 3 patients. All patients underwent craniotomy with the coagulation of the fistulas and surrounding tentorial dura mater, and the disconnection of leptomeningeal venous drainage. The surgical approaches were via transanterior petrous approach in 3 cases, subtemporal intradural approach in 1 case, and unilateral occipital and transtentorial approach in 1 case. All patients had clinical improvement. There was no surgical mortality and morbidity. Postoperative DSA confirmed obliteration of TDAVFs in 3 cases; MRI demonstrated the thrombosis of venous aneurysm and disappearance of previous brainstem edema in 1 case, and partial thrombosis of venous aneurysm in another case. Follow-up study ranging from 2 to 3 years (average, 2.5 years) showed no recurrence, and all patients have resumed their normal activities. CONCLUSIONS: Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas are aggressive vascular lesions causing SAH and progressive neurologic deficits. Prompt diagnosis and definite treatment are mandatory. Obliteration of the fistulas and/or leptomeningeal venous drainage should be the goal of treatment. Microsurgical procedures with/without endovascular intervention are the best choice of treatment. SN - 0090-3019 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17445607/Tentorial_dural_arteriovenous_fistulas_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0090-3019(06)00827-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -