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Assessment of the dispensing practices of drug retail outlets in selected towns, north west Ethiopia.
Ethiop Med J. 2006 Apr; 44(2):145-50.EM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Ethical dispensing of drugs and medicinal products is an integral component of rational drug therapy. Nevertheless, this essential health issue apparently has a large commercial aspect. This study was conducted to assess the dispensing practices of pharmacies and rural drug vendor shops in selected towns of northwest Ethiopia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In this cross-sectional study, all private pharmacies (totally 3) and rural drug vendor shops (totally 9) were included in the study. The dispensing activities, condition of the dispensing environment, dispensed drugs and other relevant information were recorded on a structured protocol. In total, the dispensing procedures for 74 clients in pharmacies and 194 clients in rural drug vendor shops were observed (each premise was visited only once).

RESULTS

The results demonstrated that all premises possessed clean dispensing environment. The average dispensing time was 1,86 minutes in Pharmacies and 1.7 minutes in rural drug vendor shops. The dispensing of prescription-only medications without a medical prescription was higher in rural drug vendor shops (68.8%) than in Pharmacies (7.3%). The provision of verbal (about 87%) and written (about 66%) instructions was similar in both pharmacies and rural drug vendor shops.

CONCLUSION

The dispensing environment and storage conditions are satisfactory. However, the dispensing of prescription-only-medications without medical prescription was more frequent particularly in rural drug vendor shops. The provision of drug-related information especially labeling of the dispensed medications was not satisfactory in both types of drug retail outlets. Implementation of training programs and supervisory visits are recommended for the improvement of dispensing practices and application of code of Ethics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology, Gondar College of Medical Science.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17447377

Citation

Abula, Teferra, et al. "Assessment of the Dispensing Practices of Drug Retail Outlets in Selected Towns, North West Ethiopia." Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 44, no. 2, 2006, pp. 145-50.
Abula T, Worku A, Thomas K. Assessment of the dispensing practices of drug retail outlets in selected towns, north west Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 2006;44(2):145-50.
Abula, T., Worku, A., & Thomas, K. (2006). Assessment of the dispensing practices of drug retail outlets in selected towns, north west Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 44(2), 145-50.
Abula T, Worku A, Thomas K. Assessment of the Dispensing Practices of Drug Retail Outlets in Selected Towns, North West Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 2006;44(2):145-50. PubMed PMID: 17447377.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of the dispensing practices of drug retail outlets in selected towns, north west Ethiopia. AU - Abula,Teferra, AU - Worku,Alemayehu, AU - Thomas,Karen, PY - 2007/4/24/pubmed PY - 2007/5/19/medline PY - 2007/4/24/entrez SP - 145 EP - 50 JF - Ethiopian medical journal JO - Ethiop Med J VL - 44 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Ethical dispensing of drugs and medicinal products is an integral component of rational drug therapy. Nevertheless, this essential health issue apparently has a large commercial aspect. This study was conducted to assess the dispensing practices of pharmacies and rural drug vendor shops in selected towns of northwest Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all private pharmacies (totally 3) and rural drug vendor shops (totally 9) were included in the study. The dispensing activities, condition of the dispensing environment, dispensed drugs and other relevant information were recorded on a structured protocol. In total, the dispensing procedures for 74 clients in pharmacies and 194 clients in rural drug vendor shops were observed (each premise was visited only once). RESULTS: The results demonstrated that all premises possessed clean dispensing environment. The average dispensing time was 1,86 minutes in Pharmacies and 1.7 minutes in rural drug vendor shops. The dispensing of prescription-only medications without a medical prescription was higher in rural drug vendor shops (68.8%) than in Pharmacies (7.3%). The provision of verbal (about 87%) and written (about 66%) instructions was similar in both pharmacies and rural drug vendor shops. CONCLUSION: The dispensing environment and storage conditions are satisfactory. However, the dispensing of prescription-only-medications without medical prescription was more frequent particularly in rural drug vendor shops. The provision of drug-related information especially labeling of the dispensed medications was not satisfactory in both types of drug retail outlets. Implementation of training programs and supervisory visits are recommended for the improvement of dispensing practices and application of code of Ethics. SN - 0014-1755 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17447377/Assessment_of_the_dispensing_practices_of_drug_retail_outlets_in_selected_towns_north_west_Ethiopia_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -