Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course.
Int J Obes (Lond) 2007; 31(7):1078-85IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Department of Health and Human Services promote breastfeeding as a strategy for reducing childhood overweight. We evaluated the relation between infant feeding and the development of overweight and obesity throughout life course.

METHODS

We investigated the association between infant feeding and obesity among 35,526 participants in the Nurses' Health Study II who were followed prospectively from 1989 to 2001. Mothers of participants provided information by mailed questionnaires on the duration of breast- and bottle-feeding, as well as the type of milk or milk substitute in the bottle. Information on body shape at ages 5 and 10, weight at age 18, current weight between 1989 and 2001, and height was reported by the participants.

RESULTS

The duration of breastfeeding, including exclusive breastfeeding, was not related to being overweight (25< or = body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2)) or obese (BMI> or =30 kg/m(2)) during adult life. Women who were exclusively breastfed for more than 6 months had a risk of 0.94 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.07) of becoming obese as adults compared with women who were not breastfed. Exclusive breastfeeding for more than 6 months was associated with leaner body shape at age 5 (odds ratio (OR)=0.81; 95% CI 0.65-1.01 for the highest vs the lowest category of body shape) compared to women who were not breastfed or breastfed for less than 1 week, but this association did not persist during adolescence or adulthood.

CONCLUSIONS

We did not find that having been breastfed was associated with women's likelihood of becoming overweight or obese throughout life course. Although breastfeeding promotes the health of mother and child, it is unlikely to play an important role in controlling the obesity epidemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kmichels@rics.bwh.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17452993

Citation

Michels, K B., et al. "A Longitudinal Study of Infant Feeding and Obesity Throughout Life Course." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 31, no. 7, 2007, pp. 1078-85.
Michels KB, Willett WC, Graubard BI, et al. A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31(7):1078-85.
Michels, K. B., Willett, W. C., Graubard, B. I., Vaidya, R. L., Cantwell, M. M., Sansbury, L. B., & Forman, M. R. (2007). A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 31(7), pp. 1078-85.
Michels KB, et al. A Longitudinal Study of Infant Feeding and Obesity Throughout Life Course. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31(7):1078-85. PubMed PMID: 17452993.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A longitudinal study of infant feeding and obesity throughout life course. AU - Michels,K B, AU - Willett,W C, AU - Graubard,B I, AU - Vaidya,R L, AU - Cantwell,M M, AU - Sansbury,L B, AU - Forman,M R, Y1 - 2007/04/24/ PY - 2007/4/25/pubmed PY - 2007/12/20/medline PY - 2007/4/25/entrez SP - 1078 EP - 85 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Department of Health and Human Services promote breastfeeding as a strategy for reducing childhood overweight. We evaluated the relation between infant feeding and the development of overweight and obesity throughout life course. METHODS: We investigated the association between infant feeding and obesity among 35,526 participants in the Nurses' Health Study II who were followed prospectively from 1989 to 2001. Mothers of participants provided information by mailed questionnaires on the duration of breast- and bottle-feeding, as well as the type of milk or milk substitute in the bottle. Information on body shape at ages 5 and 10, weight at age 18, current weight between 1989 and 2001, and height was reported by the participants. RESULTS: The duration of breastfeeding, including exclusive breastfeeding, was not related to being overweight (25< or = body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2)) or obese (BMI> or =30 kg/m(2)) during adult life. Women who were exclusively breastfed for more than 6 months had a risk of 0.94 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.83-1.07) of becoming obese as adults compared with women who were not breastfed. Exclusive breastfeeding for more than 6 months was associated with leaner body shape at age 5 (odds ratio (OR)=0.81; 95% CI 0.65-1.01 for the highest vs the lowest category of body shape) compared to women who were not breastfed or breastfed for less than 1 week, but this association did not persist during adolescence or adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: We did not find that having been breastfed was associated with women's likelihood of becoming overweight or obese throughout life course. Although breastfeeding promotes the health of mother and child, it is unlikely to play an important role in controlling the obesity epidemic. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17452993/A_longitudinal_study_of_infant_feeding_and_obesity_throughout_life_course_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803622 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -