[The roles of a visiting nurse for a terminal stage patient with chronic renal failure: a case study].Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2006 Dec; 33 Suppl 2:358-60.GT
A visiting nursing service was provided for an 87-year-old male patient with terminal stage of chronic renal failure. Although his primary doctor told us that the patient's prognosis is no good with general prostration, the patient was cared at home because his family strongly wanted him in a home care environment. The patient, who is having a right nephrostomy catheter and urethrovesical indwelling catheter and is in an unstable condition due to dehydration caused by an aggravation of renal failure, left the hospital in the end of August in 2005. Meanwhile, a family care giver was feeling uneasiness due to a lack of experience in giving medical treatment and to care for the patient. Therefore, a visiting nurse provided support to reduce the caregiver's anxiety and taught how to observe the patient's conditions, to give medical treatment and a method to care the patient at home. As a result, the patient's symptom was little improved to a lesser degree of stable condition. The family caregiver's anxiety was also reduced as well. The roles of a visiting nurse for a terminal stage patient are: (1) to urge the family care giver to obtain basic self reliant home care techniques, (2) to create a division of clear roles among the family members, (3) to execute an individualized life for the patient and family, (4) to try to establish a system to cooperate with a medical support group.