Role of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5' kinase (ppk-1) in ovulation of Caenorhabditis elegans.Exp Cell Res. 2007 Jul 01; 313(11):2465-75.EC
During Caenorhabditis elegans ovulation, the somatic gonad integrates signals from germ cells and propels a mature oocyte into the spermatheca for fertilization. Previous work suggests that phosphoinositide signaling plays important roles in C. elegans fertility. To fully understand inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) signaling in ovulation, we have examined the function of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5' kinase (PIP5K) in C. elegans. Our results show that the C. elegans PIP5K homolog, ppk-1, is essential for ovulation in C. elegans; ppk-1 is mainly expressed in somatic gonad, and depletion of ppk-1 expression causes defective ovulation, reduced gonad sheath contractility, and sterility. Increased IP(3) signaling compensates for ppk-1 (RNAi)-induced sterility, suggesting that ppk-1 is linked to IP(3) signaling. These results demonstrate that ppk-1 plays an essential role in IP(3) signaling and cytoskeleton organization in somatic gonad.