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Effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behaviors in men and women.
Physiol Behav. 2007 Aug 15; 91(5):579-87.PB

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behavior. Patients with impulse control disorders often report sleep problems, and sleep deprivation even in healthy individuals impairs cognition, decision-making, and perhaps impulse control. To characterize the effects of sleep loss on specific forms of impulsive behavior, we tested the effects of overnight, monitored sleep deprivation on measures of impulsivity and cognition in healthy volunteers. Ten men and ten women completed two 24 h sessions in random order, in which they were either allowed to sleep normally or remained awake all night. At 8:30 am and 6:15 pm on the day after sleep or no sleep, participants were tested on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), the Experiential Discounting Task, the Adjusting Amount Delay and Probability Discounting Task, and the Stop Task. Participants also completed mood questionnaires and the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Matrix (ANAM) throughout the course of the day. Sleep deprivation did not affect most of the measures of impulsive behavior. However, on the BART, sleep deprivation decreased risk taking in women, but not men. Sleep deprivation produced expected increases in subjective fatigue, and impaired performance on measures of attention and cognitive efficiency on the ANAM. The results indicate that sleep deprivation does not specifically increase impulsive behaviors but may differentially affect risk taking in men and women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Imaging Center, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, TX, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17477941

Citation

Acheson, Ashley, et al. "Effects of Sleep Deprivation On Impulsive Behaviors in Men and Women." Physiology & Behavior, vol. 91, no. 5, 2007, pp. 579-87.
Acheson A, Richards JB, de Wit H. Effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behaviors in men and women. Physiol Behav. 2007;91(5):579-87.
Acheson, A., Richards, J. B., & de Wit, H. (2007). Effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behaviors in men and women. Physiology & Behavior, 91(5), 579-87.
Acheson A, Richards JB, de Wit H. Effects of Sleep Deprivation On Impulsive Behaviors in Men and Women. Physiol Behav. 2007 Aug 15;91(5):579-87. PubMed PMID: 17477941.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behaviors in men and women. AU - Acheson,Ashley, AU - Richards,Jerry B, AU - de Wit,Harriet, Y1 - 2007/03/31/ PY - 2006/12/09/received PY - 2007/02/21/revised PY - 2007/03/26/accepted PY - 2007/5/5/pubmed PY - 2007/12/6/medline PY - 2007/5/5/entrez SP - 579 EP - 87 JF - Physiology & behavior JO - Physiol Behav VL - 91 IS - 5 N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of sleep deprivation on impulsive behavior. Patients with impulse control disorders often report sleep problems, and sleep deprivation even in healthy individuals impairs cognition, decision-making, and perhaps impulse control. To characterize the effects of sleep loss on specific forms of impulsive behavior, we tested the effects of overnight, monitored sleep deprivation on measures of impulsivity and cognition in healthy volunteers. Ten men and ten women completed two 24 h sessions in random order, in which they were either allowed to sleep normally or remained awake all night. At 8:30 am and 6:15 pm on the day after sleep or no sleep, participants were tested on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), the Experiential Discounting Task, the Adjusting Amount Delay and Probability Discounting Task, and the Stop Task. Participants also completed mood questionnaires and the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Matrix (ANAM) throughout the course of the day. Sleep deprivation did not affect most of the measures of impulsive behavior. However, on the BART, sleep deprivation decreased risk taking in women, but not men. Sleep deprivation produced expected increases in subjective fatigue, and impaired performance on measures of attention and cognitive efficiency on the ANAM. The results indicate that sleep deprivation does not specifically increase impulsive behaviors but may differentially affect risk taking in men and women. SN - 0031-9384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17477941/Effects_of_sleep_deprivation_on_impulsive_behaviors_in_men_and_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0031-9384(07)00113-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -