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Geochemistry of trace metals in a fresh water sediment: field results and diagenetic modeling.
Sci Total Environ. 2007 Aug 01; 381(1-3):263-79.ST

Abstract

Concentrations of Fe, Mn, Cd, Co, Ni, Pb, and Zn were determined in pore water and sediment of a coastal fresh water lake (Haringvliet Lake, The Netherlands). Elevated sediment trace metal concentrations reflect anthropogenic inputs from the Rhine and Meuse Rivers. Pore water and sediment analyses, together with thermodynamic calculations, indicate a shift in trace metal speciation from oxide-bound to sulfide-bound over the upper 20 cm of the sediment. Concentrations of reducible Fe and Mn decline with increasing depth, but do not reach zero values at 20 cm depth. The reducible phases are relatively more important for the binding of Co, Ni, and Zn than for Pb and Cd. Pore waters exhibit supersaturation with respect to Zn, Pb, Co, and Cd monosulfides, while significant fractions of Ni and Co are bound to pyrite. A multi-component, diagenetic model developed for organic matter degradation was expanded to include Zn and Ni dynamics. Pore water transport of trace metals is primarily diffusive, with a lesser contribution of bioirrigation. Reactions affecting trace metal mobility near the sediment-water interface, especially sulfide oxidation and sorption to newly formed oxides, strongly influence the modeled estimates of the diffusive effluxes to the overlying water. Model results imply less efficient sediment retention of Ni than Zn. Sensitivity analyses show that increased bioturbation and sulfate availability, which are expected upon restoration of estuarine conditions in the lake, should increase the sulfide bound fractions of Zn and Ni in the sediments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Utrecht University, Faculty of Geosciences, PO Box 80021, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands. r.canavan@geo.uu.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17482239

Citation

Canavan, R W., et al. "Geochemistry of Trace Metals in a Fresh Water Sediment: Field Results and Diagenetic Modeling." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 381, no. 1-3, 2007, pp. 263-79.
Canavan RW, Van Cappellen P, Zwolsman JJ, et al. Geochemistry of trace metals in a fresh water sediment: field results and diagenetic modeling. Sci Total Environ. 2007;381(1-3):263-79.
Canavan, R. W., Van Cappellen, P., Zwolsman, J. J., van den Berg, G. A., & Slomp, C. P. (2007). Geochemistry of trace metals in a fresh water sediment: field results and diagenetic modeling. The Science of the Total Environment, 381(1-3), 263-79.
Canavan RW, et al. Geochemistry of Trace Metals in a Fresh Water Sediment: Field Results and Diagenetic Modeling. Sci Total Environ. 2007 Aug 1;381(1-3):263-79. PubMed PMID: 17482239.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Geochemistry of trace metals in a fresh water sediment: field results and diagenetic modeling. AU - Canavan,R W, AU - Van Cappellen,P, AU - Zwolsman,J J G, AU - van den Berg,G A, AU - Slomp,C P, Y1 - 2007/05/04/ PY - 2006/10/06/received PY - 2007/02/27/revised PY - 2007/04/01/accepted PY - 2007/5/8/pubmed PY - 2007/9/6/medline PY - 2007/5/8/entrez SP - 263 EP - 79 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci Total Environ VL - 381 IS - 1-3 N2 - Concentrations of Fe, Mn, Cd, Co, Ni, Pb, and Zn were determined in pore water and sediment of a coastal fresh water lake (Haringvliet Lake, The Netherlands). Elevated sediment trace metal concentrations reflect anthropogenic inputs from the Rhine and Meuse Rivers. Pore water and sediment analyses, together with thermodynamic calculations, indicate a shift in trace metal speciation from oxide-bound to sulfide-bound over the upper 20 cm of the sediment. Concentrations of reducible Fe and Mn decline with increasing depth, but do not reach zero values at 20 cm depth. The reducible phases are relatively more important for the binding of Co, Ni, and Zn than for Pb and Cd. Pore waters exhibit supersaturation with respect to Zn, Pb, Co, and Cd monosulfides, while significant fractions of Ni and Co are bound to pyrite. A multi-component, diagenetic model developed for organic matter degradation was expanded to include Zn and Ni dynamics. Pore water transport of trace metals is primarily diffusive, with a lesser contribution of bioirrigation. Reactions affecting trace metal mobility near the sediment-water interface, especially sulfide oxidation and sorption to newly formed oxides, strongly influence the modeled estimates of the diffusive effluxes to the overlying water. Model results imply less efficient sediment retention of Ni than Zn. Sensitivity analyses show that increased bioturbation and sulfate availability, which are expected upon restoration of estuarine conditions in the lake, should increase the sulfide bound fractions of Zn and Ni in the sediments. SN - 0048-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17482239/Geochemistry_of_trace_metals_in_a_fresh_water_sediment:_field_results_and_diagenetic_modeling_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(07)00400-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -