Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Heart rate and performance during combat missions in a flight simulator.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 Apr; 78(4):387-91.AS

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The psychological workload of flying has been shown to increase heart rate (HR) during flight simulator operation. The association between HR changes and flight performance remains unclear.

METHODS

There were 15 pilots who performed a combat flight mission in a Weapons Tactics Trainer simulator of an F-18 Hornet. An electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded, and individual incremental heart rates (deltaHR) from the HR during rest were calculated for each flight phase and used in statistical analyses. The combat flight period was divided into 13 phases, which were evaluated on a scale of 1 to 5 by the flight instructor.

RESULTS

HR increased during interceptions (from a mean resting level of 79.0 to mean value of 96.7 bpm in one of the interception flight phases) and decreased during the return to base and slightly increased during the ILS approach and landing. DeltaHR appeared to be similar among experienced and less experienced pilots. DeltaHR responses during the flight phases did not correlate with simulator flight performance scores. Overall simulator flight performance correlated statistically significantly (r = 0.50) with the F-18 Hornet flight experience.

CONCLUSIONS

HR reflected the amount of cognitive load during the simulated flight. Hence, HR analysis can be used in the evaluation of the psychological workload of military simulator flight phases. However, more detailed flight performance evaluation methods are needed for this kind of complex flight simulation to replace the traditional but rough interval scales. Use of a visual analog scale by the flight instructors is suggested for simulator flight performance evaluation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Oulu, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Oulun Yliopisto, Finland. taija.lahtinen@fimnet.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17484341

Citation

Lahtinen, Taija M M., et al. "Heart Rate and Performance During Combat Missions in a Flight Simulator." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 78, no. 4, 2007, pp. 387-91.
Lahtinen TM, Koskelo JP, Laitinen T, et al. Heart rate and performance during combat missions in a flight simulator. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007;78(4):387-91.
Lahtinen, T. M., Koskelo, J. P., Laitinen, T., & Leino, T. K. (2007). Heart rate and performance during combat missions in a flight simulator. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 78(4), 387-91.
Lahtinen TM, et al. Heart Rate and Performance During Combat Missions in a Flight Simulator. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007;78(4):387-91. PubMed PMID: 17484341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Heart rate and performance during combat missions in a flight simulator. AU - Lahtinen,Taija M M, AU - Koskelo,Jukka P, AU - Laitinen,Tomi, AU - Leino,Tuomo K, PY - 2007/5/9/pubmed PY - 2007/6/15/medline PY - 2007/5/9/entrez SP - 387 EP - 91 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 78 IS - 4 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The psychological workload of flying has been shown to increase heart rate (HR) during flight simulator operation. The association between HR changes and flight performance remains unclear. METHODS: There were 15 pilots who performed a combat flight mission in a Weapons Tactics Trainer simulator of an F-18 Hornet. An electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded, and individual incremental heart rates (deltaHR) from the HR during rest were calculated for each flight phase and used in statistical analyses. The combat flight period was divided into 13 phases, which were evaluated on a scale of 1 to 5 by the flight instructor. RESULTS: HR increased during interceptions (from a mean resting level of 79.0 to mean value of 96.7 bpm in one of the interception flight phases) and decreased during the return to base and slightly increased during the ILS approach and landing. DeltaHR appeared to be similar among experienced and less experienced pilots. DeltaHR responses during the flight phases did not correlate with simulator flight performance scores. Overall simulator flight performance correlated statistically significantly (r = 0.50) with the F-18 Hornet flight experience. CONCLUSIONS: HR reflected the amount of cognitive load during the simulated flight. Hence, HR analysis can be used in the evaluation of the psychological workload of military simulator flight phases. However, more detailed flight performance evaluation methods are needed for this kind of complex flight simulation to replace the traditional but rough interval scales. Use of a visual analog scale by the flight instructors is suggested for simulator flight performance evaluation. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17484341/Heart_rate_and_performance_during_combat_missions_in_a_flight_simulator_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=0095-6562&volume=78&issue=4&spage=387&aulast=Lahtinen DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -