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Contact with out-group friends as a predictor of meta-attitudinal strength and accessibility of attitudes toward gay men.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 May; 92(5):804-20.JP

Abstract

Two studies examined the effects of cross-group friendships on heterosexuals' attitudes toward gay men. In Study 1, the authors tested the effects of cross-group friendships with gay men on out-group attitudes, meta-attitudinal strength, and attitude accessibility. The authors simultaneously explored mediational effects of intergroup anxiety. Path analysis showed that cross-group friendships were associated with meta-attitudinally stronger and more accessible out-group attitudes, and the effects on all 3 criterion variables were mediated by intergroup anxiety. In Study 2, the authors sought to replicate the basic results of Study 1, while additionally exploring mediational effects of closeness of cross-group friendship and moderational effects of perceived group typicality. Structural equation modeling showed that cross-group friendships were associated with meta-attitudinally stronger and more accessible out-group attitudes; friendships had indirect effects on all 3 criterion variables, via closeness of friendship and intergroup anxiety. Closeness of friendship only predicted lower intergroup anxiety, however, when the out-group friend was perceived as highly typical. The authors emphasize the importance of considering the nature of out-group attitudes more completely when evaluating the effectiveness of intergroup contact in reducing prejudice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17484606

Citation

Vonofakou, Christiana, et al. "Contact With Out-group Friends as a Predictor of Meta-attitudinal Strength and Accessibility of Attitudes Toward Gay Men." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 92, no. 5, 2007, pp. 804-20.
Vonofakou C, Hewstone M, Voci A. Contact with out-group friends as a predictor of meta-attitudinal strength and accessibility of attitudes toward gay men. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(5):804-20.
Vonofakou, C., Hewstone, M., & Voci, A. (2007). Contact with out-group friends as a predictor of meta-attitudinal strength and accessibility of attitudes toward gay men. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 804-20.
Vonofakou C, Hewstone M, Voci A. Contact With Out-group Friends as a Predictor of Meta-attitudinal Strength and Accessibility of Attitudes Toward Gay Men. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007;92(5):804-20. PubMed PMID: 17484606.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contact with out-group friends as a predictor of meta-attitudinal strength and accessibility of attitudes toward gay men. AU - Vonofakou,Christiana, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Voci,Alberto, PY - 2007/5/9/pubmed PY - 2007/8/2/medline PY - 2007/5/9/entrez SP - 804 EP - 20 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 92 IS - 5 N2 - Two studies examined the effects of cross-group friendships on heterosexuals' attitudes toward gay men. In Study 1, the authors tested the effects of cross-group friendships with gay men on out-group attitudes, meta-attitudinal strength, and attitude accessibility. The authors simultaneously explored mediational effects of intergroup anxiety. Path analysis showed that cross-group friendships were associated with meta-attitudinally stronger and more accessible out-group attitudes, and the effects on all 3 criterion variables were mediated by intergroup anxiety. In Study 2, the authors sought to replicate the basic results of Study 1, while additionally exploring mediational effects of closeness of cross-group friendship and moderational effects of perceived group typicality. Structural equation modeling showed that cross-group friendships were associated with meta-attitudinally stronger and more accessible out-group attitudes; friendships had indirect effects on all 3 criterion variables, via closeness of friendship and intergroup anxiety. Closeness of friendship only predicted lower intergroup anxiety, however, when the out-group friend was perceived as highly typical. The authors emphasize the importance of considering the nature of out-group attitudes more completely when evaluating the effectiveness of intergroup contact in reducing prejudice. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17484606/Contact_with_out_group_friends_as_a_predictor_of_meta_attitudinal_strength_and_accessibility_of_attitudes_toward_gay_men_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/92/5/804 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -