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Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study.
Am J Epidemiol 2007; 166(2):170-80AJ

Abstract

The authors examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Diet was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. During 5-year follow-up of 488,043 men and women aged 50-71 years, 2,972 incident colorectal cancer cases were identified. The respective 10th and 90th percentiles of total fruit and vegetable intake (servings/1,000 kcal per day) were 1.4 and 5.2 for men and 1.8 and 6.5 for women. Compared with that for the lowest quintile of vegetable intake, the multivariate relative risk for the highest quintile was 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.71, 0.94) for men and 1.12 (95% confidence interval: 0.90, 1.38) for women. Increased risk of colorectal cancer was observed for very low intake of total fruits and vegetables by men (multivariate relative risk for <1 vs. > or =2.0 servings/1,000 kcal per day = 1.26, 95% confidence interval: 1.03, 1.54). Among subgroups of vegetables, green leafy vegetables were associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer for men (multivariate relative risk for the highest quintile vs. the lowest = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.99). Intake of fruits was not related to risk of colorectal cancer in men or women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA. parkyik@mail.nih.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17485731

Citation

Park, Yikyung, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Intakes and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 166, no. 2, 2007, pp. 170-80.
Park Y, Subar AF, Kipnis V, et al. Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;166(2):170-80.
Park, Y., Subar, A. F., Kipnis, V., Thompson, F. E., Mouw, T., Hollenbeck, A., ... Schatzkin, A. (2007). Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 166(2), pp. 170-80.
Park Y, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Intakes and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Jul 15;166(2):170-80. PubMed PMID: 17485731.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP diet and health study. AU - Park,Yikyung, AU - Subar,Amy F, AU - Kipnis,Victor, AU - Thompson,Frances E, AU - Mouw,Traci, AU - Hollenbeck,Albert, AU - Leitzmann,Michael F, AU - Schatzkin,Arthur, Y1 - 2007/05/07/ PY - 2007/5/9/pubmed PY - 2007/8/3/medline PY - 2007/5/9/entrez SP - 170 EP - 80 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 166 IS - 2 N2 - The authors examined the associations between fruit and vegetable intakes and risk of colorectal cancer in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Diet was assessed with a food frequency questionnaire at baseline. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. During 5-year follow-up of 488,043 men and women aged 50-71 years, 2,972 incident colorectal cancer cases were identified. The respective 10th and 90th percentiles of total fruit and vegetable intake (servings/1,000 kcal per day) were 1.4 and 5.2 for men and 1.8 and 6.5 for women. Compared with that for the lowest quintile of vegetable intake, the multivariate relative risk for the highest quintile was 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.71, 0.94) for men and 1.12 (95% confidence interval: 0.90, 1.38) for women. Increased risk of colorectal cancer was observed for very low intake of total fruits and vegetables by men (multivariate relative risk for <1 vs. > or =2.0 servings/1,000 kcal per day = 1.26, 95% confidence interval: 1.03, 1.54). Among subgroups of vegetables, green leafy vegetables were associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer for men (multivariate relative risk for the highest quintile vs. the lowest = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.99). Intake of fruits was not related to risk of colorectal cancer in men or women. SN - 0002-9262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17485731/Fruit_and_vegetable_intakes_and_risk_of_colorectal_cancer_in_the_NIH_AARP_diet_and_health_study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/kwm067 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -