Current and future directions in Medi-Cal chronic disease care management: a view from the top.Am J Manag Care. 2007 May; 13(5):263-8.AJ
To determine the extent to which Medicaid managed care (MMC) organizations are engaged in chronic disease care management (CDCM), tailor CDCM for diverse populations, or plan to expand CDCM.
Web-based survey of 23 eligible California MMC health plan executives in fall 2005.
Frequency distributions of survey responses.
Nineteen (83%) of 23 executives responded, representing 2.5 million beneficiaries. Eighteen (95%) MMC plans reported implementing 1 or more elements of CDCM. Although plans used a wide range of CDCM strategies to reach performance goals, most implemented provider awareness activities such as offering guidelines or disease-specific feedback to physician groups. More than half of the plans reported interest in expanding CDCM to include more active interventions such as disease registries, pay for performance, telephone counseling to patients, and other self-management support programs. Few plans reported tailoring their CDCM to vulnerable member populations such as those with limited literacy or limited English proficiency. Executives reported that insufficient financial resources at the plan level, lack of organizational leadership and commitment in physician organizations, and limited information technology in physician offices were barriers to CDCM expansion.
California MMC health plans reported substantial interest in CDCM and a desire to increase CDCM. Representatives reported intentions to expand to strategies that more directly engage providers and patients. To ensure that the growing number of vulnerable enrollees with chronic disease receive high-quality care, policy efforts should focus on enabling MMC health plans to more consistently implement and target population-based strategies such as CDCM.