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Diabetic macular edema and its relationship to renal microangiopathy: a sample of Type I diabetes mellitus patients in a 15-year follow-up study.
J Diabetes Complications 2007 May-Jun; 21(3):172-80JD

Abstract

PURPOSE

In the present study, our objective was to determine the epidemiological risk factors for the development of diabetic macular edema, especially attendant on renal diabetic lesion (microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy) in 112 Type I diabetic patients after 15 years.

METHODS

This is a 15-year follow-up study of a cohort of 112 consecutive Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus patients without diabetic retinopathy or nephropathy who were enrolled in 1990. We studied the incidence of diabetic macular edema and its risk factors. The epidemiological risk factors included in the study were as follows: gender, diabetes duration, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, arterial hypertension, macroangiopathy, triglyceride levels, fractions of cholesterol [high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol], and cigarette smoking.

RESULTS

The incidence of diabetic macular edema after 15 years was as follows: the focal form of diabetic macular edema was present in 13 (11.6%) patients and the diffuse form of macular edema was present in 10 (8.9%) patients, among 23 (20.5%) patients. The following factors were significant in the development of diabetic macular edema: high levels of LDL-cholesterol (P=.013), high levels (>7.5%) of HbA1c (P=.021), the presence of macroangiopathy (P=.022), the severity of diabetic retinopathy (P=.029), the presence of arterial hypertension (P=.037), and the presence of overt nephropathy (P=.047). Microalbuminuria was not significant in logistic regression (P=.587), and cigarette smoking was not significant (P=.976). The relationship between diabetic macular edema and duration of diabetes presented two peaks of incidence: first in patients with 15-20 years' duration of diabetes mellitus, and second in patients with >35 years' duration.

CONCLUSIONS

In summary, our data suggest that better control of glycemia, LDL-cholesterol levels, and blood pressure in Type I diabetes mellitus patients may be beneficial in reducing the incidence of diabetic macular edema. Finally, our data validate the current guidelines for ophthalmologic care for the detection of diabetic macular edema over the long-term course of diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Oftalmología, Institut Català de la Retina, Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía, Hospital Universitario Sant Joan de Reus, Universidad Rovira y Virgili, Spain. promero@grupsagessa.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17493551

Citation

Romero, Pedro, et al. "Diabetic Macular Edema and Its Relationship to Renal Microangiopathy: a Sample of Type I Diabetes Mellitus Patients in a 15-year Follow-up Study." Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, vol. 21, no. 3, 2007, pp. 172-80.
Romero P, Baget M, Mendez I, et al. Diabetic macular edema and its relationship to renal microangiopathy: a sample of Type I diabetes mellitus patients in a 15-year follow-up study. J Diabetes Complicat. 2007;21(3):172-80.
Romero, P., Baget, M., Mendez, I., Fernández, J., Salvat, M., & Martinez, I. (2007). Diabetic macular edema and its relationship to renal microangiopathy: a sample of Type I diabetes mellitus patients in a 15-year follow-up study. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 21(3), pp. 172-80.
Romero P, et al. Diabetic Macular Edema and Its Relationship to Renal Microangiopathy: a Sample of Type I Diabetes Mellitus Patients in a 15-year Follow-up Study. J Diabetes Complicat. 2007;21(3):172-80. PubMed PMID: 17493551.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diabetic macular edema and its relationship to renal microangiopathy: a sample of Type I diabetes mellitus patients in a 15-year follow-up study. AU - Romero,Pedro, AU - Baget,Marc, AU - Mendez,Isabel, AU - Fernández,Juan, AU - Salvat,Mercè, AU - Martinez,Inmaculada, PY - 2005/12/19/received PY - 2006/07/11/revised PY - 2006/07/22/accepted PY - 2007/5/12/pubmed PY - 2007/8/7/medline PY - 2007/5/12/entrez SP - 172 EP - 80 JF - Journal of diabetes and its complications JO - J. Diabetes Complicat. VL - 21 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: In the present study, our objective was to determine the epidemiological risk factors for the development of diabetic macular edema, especially attendant on renal diabetic lesion (microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy) in 112 Type I diabetic patients after 15 years. METHODS: This is a 15-year follow-up study of a cohort of 112 consecutive Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus patients without diabetic retinopathy or nephropathy who were enrolled in 1990. We studied the incidence of diabetic macular edema and its risk factors. The epidemiological risk factors included in the study were as follows: gender, diabetes duration, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, arterial hypertension, macroangiopathy, triglyceride levels, fractions of cholesterol [high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol], and cigarette smoking. RESULTS: The incidence of diabetic macular edema after 15 years was as follows: the focal form of diabetic macular edema was present in 13 (11.6%) patients and the diffuse form of macular edema was present in 10 (8.9%) patients, among 23 (20.5%) patients. The following factors were significant in the development of diabetic macular edema: high levels of LDL-cholesterol (P=.013), high levels (>7.5%) of HbA1c (P=.021), the presence of macroangiopathy (P=.022), the severity of diabetic retinopathy (P=.029), the presence of arterial hypertension (P=.037), and the presence of overt nephropathy (P=.047). Microalbuminuria was not significant in logistic regression (P=.587), and cigarette smoking was not significant (P=.976). The relationship between diabetic macular edema and duration of diabetes presented two peaks of incidence: first in patients with 15-20 years' duration of diabetes mellitus, and second in patients with >35 years' duration. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our data suggest that better control of glycemia, LDL-cholesterol levels, and blood pressure in Type I diabetes mellitus patients may be beneficial in reducing the incidence of diabetic macular edema. Finally, our data validate the current guidelines for ophthalmologic care for the detection of diabetic macular edema over the long-term course of diabetes. SN - 1056-8727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17493551/Diabetic_macular_edema_and_its_relationship_to_renal_microangiopathy:_a_sample_of_Type_I_diabetes_mellitus_patients_in_a_15_year_follow_up_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1056-8727(06)00079-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -