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Summary of avian influenza activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006.
Avian Dis 2007; 51(1 Suppl):161-6AD

Abstract

Between December 2003 and January 2004 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 infections of poultry were declared in China, Japan, South Korea, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia. In 2004 an outbreak was reported in Malaysia. In 2005 H5N1 outbreaks were recorded in poultry in Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Romania, Turkey, and Ukraine, and virus was isolated from swans in Croatia. In 2004 HPAI H5N1 virus was isolated from smuggled eagles detected at the Brussels Airport and in 2005 imported caged birds held in quarantine in England. In 2006 HPAI was reported in poultry in Iraq, India, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, and Israel in Asia; Albania, France, and Sweden in Europe; and Nigeria, Cameroon, and Niger in Africa; as well as in wild birds in some 24 countries across Asia and Europe. In 2003, over 25,000,000 birds were slaughtered because of 241 outbreaks of HPAI caused by virus of H7N7 subtype in the Netherlands. The virus spread into Belgium (eight outbreaks) and Germany (one outbreak). HPAI H5N2 virus was responsible for outbreaks in ostriches in South Africa during 2005. HPAI H7N3 virus was isolated in Pakistan in 2004. Low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H5 or H7 viruses were isolated from poultry in Italy (H7N3 2002-2003; H5N2 2005), The Netherlands (H7N3 2002), France (H5N2 2003), Denmark (H5N7 2003), Taiwan (H5N2 2004), and Japan (H5N2 2005). Many isolations of LPAI viruses of other subtypes were reported from domestic and wild birds. Infections with H9N2 subtype viruses have been widespread across Asia during 2002-06.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Virology Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17494548

Citation

Alexander, Dennis J.. "Summary of Avian Influenza Activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006." Avian Diseases, vol. 51, no. 1 Suppl, 2007, pp. 161-6.
Alexander DJ. Summary of avian influenza activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006. Avian Dis. 2007;51(1 Suppl):161-6.
Alexander, D. J. (2007). Summary of avian influenza activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006. Avian Diseases, 51(1 Suppl), pp. 161-6.
Alexander DJ. Summary of Avian Influenza Activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006. Avian Dis. 2007;51(1 Suppl):161-6. PubMed PMID: 17494548.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Summary of avian influenza activity in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australasia, 2002-2006. A1 - Alexander,Dennis J, PY - 2007/5/15/pubmed PY - 2007/6/15/medline PY - 2007/5/15/entrez SP - 161 EP - 6 JF - Avian diseases JO - Avian Dis. VL - 51 IS - 1 Suppl N2 - Between December 2003 and January 2004 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 infections of poultry were declared in China, Japan, South Korea, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia. In 2004 an outbreak was reported in Malaysia. In 2005 H5N1 outbreaks were recorded in poultry in Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Romania, Turkey, and Ukraine, and virus was isolated from swans in Croatia. In 2004 HPAI H5N1 virus was isolated from smuggled eagles detected at the Brussels Airport and in 2005 imported caged birds held in quarantine in England. In 2006 HPAI was reported in poultry in Iraq, India, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, and Israel in Asia; Albania, France, and Sweden in Europe; and Nigeria, Cameroon, and Niger in Africa; as well as in wild birds in some 24 countries across Asia and Europe. In 2003, over 25,000,000 birds were slaughtered because of 241 outbreaks of HPAI caused by virus of H7N7 subtype in the Netherlands. The virus spread into Belgium (eight outbreaks) and Germany (one outbreak). HPAI H5N2 virus was responsible for outbreaks in ostriches in South Africa during 2005. HPAI H7N3 virus was isolated in Pakistan in 2004. Low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H5 or H7 viruses were isolated from poultry in Italy (H7N3 2002-2003; H5N2 2005), The Netherlands (H7N3 2002), France (H5N2 2003), Denmark (H5N7 2003), Taiwan (H5N2 2004), and Japan (H5N2 2005). Many isolations of LPAI viruses of other subtypes were reported from domestic and wild birds. Infections with H9N2 subtype viruses have been widespread across Asia during 2002-06. SN - 0005-2086 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17494548/Summary_of_avian_influenza_activity_in_Europe_Asia_Africa_and_Australasia_2002_2006_ L2 - http://www.bioone.org/doi/10.1637/7602-041306R.1?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -