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Association of cigarettes smoked daily with obesity in a general adult population.
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 May; 15(5):1311-8.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We analyzed the cross-sectional association between obesity and smoking habits, taking into account diet, physical activity, and educational level.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

We used data from the 2002 Swiss Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional telephone survey assessing health and self-reported health behaviors. Reported smoking habits, height, and weight were available for 17,562 subjects (7844 men and 9718 women) > or =25 years of age. BMI was calculated as (self-reported) weight divided by height(2).

RESULTS

Mean BMI was 25.1 kg/m(2) for non-smokers, 26.1 kg/m(2) for ex-smokers, 24.6 kg/m(2) for light smokers (1 to 9 cigarettes/d), 24.8 kg/m(2) for moderate smokers (10 to 19 cigarettes/d), and 25.3 kg/m(2) for heavy smokers (> or =20 cigarettes/d) in men and 24.0, 24.1, 22.9, 22.9, and 23.3 kg/m(2), respectively, in women. Obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) was increasingly frequent with older age, lower physical activity, lower fruits/vegetables intake, and lower educational level. Compared with non-smokers, the odds ratio for obesity vs. normal weight (BMI = 18.5 to 25.0 kg/m(2)) adjusted for age, nationality, educational level, leisure time physical activity, and fruit/vegetable intake were 1.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.5 to 2.3) for ex-smokers, 0.5 (0.3 to 0.8) for light smokers, 0.7 (0.4 to 1.0) for moderate smokers, and 1.3 (1.0 to 1.7) for heavy smokers in men and 1.3 (1.1 to 1.6), 0.7 (0.5 to 1.0), 0.8 (0.5 to 1.0), and 1.1 (0.8 to 1.4), respectively, in women.

DISCUSSION

Among smokers, obesity was associated in a graded manner with the number of cigarettes daily smoked, particularly in men. More emphasis should be put on the risk of obesity among smokers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Prevention Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, 17 rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland. arnaud.chiolero@chuv.chNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17495208

Citation

Chiolero, Arnaud, et al. "Association of Cigarettes Smoked Daily With Obesity in a General Adult Population." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 15, no. 5, 2007, pp. 1311-8.
Chiolero A, Jacot-Sadowski I, Faeh D, et al. Association of cigarettes smoked daily with obesity in a general adult population. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(5):1311-8.
Chiolero, A., Jacot-Sadowski, I., Faeh, D., Paccaud, F., & Cornuz, J. (2007). Association of cigarettes smoked daily with obesity in a general adult population. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 15(5), 1311-8.
Chiolero A, et al. Association of Cigarettes Smoked Daily With Obesity in a General Adult Population. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(5):1311-8. PubMed PMID: 17495208.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of cigarettes smoked daily with obesity in a general adult population. AU - Chiolero,Arnaud, AU - Jacot-Sadowski,Isabelle, AU - Faeh,David, AU - Paccaud,Fred, AU - Cornuz,Jacques, PY - 2007/5/15/pubmed PY - 2007/8/7/medline PY - 2007/5/15/entrez SP - 1311 EP - 8 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 15 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the cross-sectional association between obesity and smoking habits, taking into account diet, physical activity, and educational level. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We used data from the 2002 Swiss Health Survey, a population-based cross-sectional telephone survey assessing health and self-reported health behaviors. Reported smoking habits, height, and weight were available for 17,562 subjects (7844 men and 9718 women) > or =25 years of age. BMI was calculated as (self-reported) weight divided by height(2). RESULTS: Mean BMI was 25.1 kg/m(2) for non-smokers, 26.1 kg/m(2) for ex-smokers, 24.6 kg/m(2) for light smokers (1 to 9 cigarettes/d), 24.8 kg/m(2) for moderate smokers (10 to 19 cigarettes/d), and 25.3 kg/m(2) for heavy smokers (> or =20 cigarettes/d) in men and 24.0, 24.1, 22.9, 22.9, and 23.3 kg/m(2), respectively, in women. Obesity (BMI > or = 30 kg/m(2)) was increasingly frequent with older age, lower physical activity, lower fruits/vegetables intake, and lower educational level. Compared with non-smokers, the odds ratio for obesity vs. normal weight (BMI = 18.5 to 25.0 kg/m(2)) adjusted for age, nationality, educational level, leisure time physical activity, and fruit/vegetable intake were 1.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.5 to 2.3) for ex-smokers, 0.5 (0.3 to 0.8) for light smokers, 0.7 (0.4 to 1.0) for moderate smokers, and 1.3 (1.0 to 1.7) for heavy smokers in men and 1.3 (1.1 to 1.6), 0.7 (0.5 to 1.0), 0.8 (0.5 to 1.0), and 1.1 (0.8 to 1.4), respectively, in women. DISCUSSION: Among smokers, obesity was associated in a graded manner with the number of cigarettes daily smoked, particularly in men. More emphasis should be put on the risk of obesity among smokers. SN - 1930-7381 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17495208/Association_of_cigarettes_smoked_daily_with_obesity_in_a_general_adult_population_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.153 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -