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Color Doppler US of the scrotum.
Radiographics. 1991 Nov; 11(6):941-57; discussion 958.R

Abstract

Color Doppler ultrasonography (US) is an increasingly important tool in the evaluation of the scrotum, especially in acute scrotal disorders. With this modality, arterial flow is readily detected in the normal spermatic cord and testis but is not seen in the epididymis; venous flow is not seen anywhere in the normal scrotum. Scrotal inflammatory lesions appear as hypervascularity of the epididymis or testis, even though gray-scale findings may be normal or nonspecific. Testicular torsion is demonstrated by an absence or marked decrease in the number of visible vessels. Small tumors (less than 1.5 cm) are hypovascular, and larger tumors (greater than 1.5 cm) are hypervascular. The modality also demonstrates Valsalva maneuver-induced venous flow augmentation in varicoceles and altered flow in testicular tumors. Color Doppler US allows for evaluation of morphologic findings and perfusion and enables accurate diagnosis of most scrotal disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Louis, MO 63110.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1749858

Citation

Horstman, W G., et al. "Color Doppler US of the Scrotum." Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, vol. 11, no. 6, 1991, pp. 941-57; discussion 958.
Horstman WG, Middleton WD, Melson GL, et al. Color Doppler US of the scrotum. Radiographics. 1991;11(6):941-57; discussion 958.
Horstman, W. G., Middleton, W. D., Melson, G. L., & Siegel, B. A. (1991). Color Doppler US of the scrotum. Radiographics : a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, 11(6), 941-57; discussion 958.
Horstman WG, et al. Color Doppler US of the Scrotum. Radiographics. 1991;11(6):941-57; discussion 958. PubMed PMID: 1749858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Color Doppler US of the scrotum. AU - Horstman,W G, AU - Middleton,W D, AU - Melson,G L, AU - Siegel,B A, PY - 1991/11/1/pubmed PY - 1991/11/1/medline PY - 1991/11/1/entrez SP - 941-57; discussion 958 JF - Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc JO - Radiographics VL - 11 IS - 6 N2 - Color Doppler ultrasonography (US) is an increasingly important tool in the evaluation of the scrotum, especially in acute scrotal disorders. With this modality, arterial flow is readily detected in the normal spermatic cord and testis but is not seen in the epididymis; venous flow is not seen anywhere in the normal scrotum. Scrotal inflammatory lesions appear as hypervascularity of the epididymis or testis, even though gray-scale findings may be normal or nonspecific. Testicular torsion is demonstrated by an absence or marked decrease in the number of visible vessels. Small tumors (less than 1.5 cm) are hypovascular, and larger tumors (greater than 1.5 cm) are hypervascular. The modality also demonstrates Valsalva maneuver-induced venous flow augmentation in varicoceles and altered flow in testicular tumors. Color Doppler US allows for evaluation of morphologic findings and perfusion and enables accurate diagnosis of most scrotal disorders. SN - 0271-5333 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1749858/Color_Doppler_US_of_the_scrotum_ L2 - https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiographics.11.6.1749858?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -