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B7-H4 is over-expressed in early-stage ovarian cancer and is independent of CA125 expression.
Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Aug; 106(2):334-41.GO

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study characterizes the expression of the novel biomarker B7-H4 in ovarian cancer tissue, normal ovaries, and benign ovarian tumors, and evaluates its relationship to CA125.

METHODS

Ovarian tissue lysates from 251 patients with ovarian carcinoma were assessed for the levels of B7-H4 and CA125 by ELISA assays. For comparison, ovarian tissues from patients with benign ovarian tumors (n=43) and patients with normal ovaries (n=32) were tested. The marker concentrations were correlated with CA125 expression, clinicopathological variables, and patient outcome.

RESULTS

Using a cut-off based on the 95th percentile of B7-H4 or CA125 concentration in the control group, B7-H4 was over-expressed in 48% of patients with stage I cancer, 55% of patients with stage II cancer, and 67% of patients with late stage cancer. CA125 was elevated in 31% patients with early stage cancer. B7-H4 was elevated in tumors of 30 patients with early stage cancer that were negative for CA125. The combination of B7-H4 and CA125 identified 56 early stage cancer patients (65%) as positive. Correlation of marker expression to clinical outcome showed that high B7-H4 levels were correlated with poor prognosis. However, the effect was not significant when outcome was adjusted for other clinicopathological variables.

CONCLUSION

B7-H4 expression was low in normal ovaries and in benign tumors while half of early stage and two-thirds of late stage cancers over-expressed B7-H4. The data are consistent with previous observations and support further investigation of B7-H4 in the detection of early stage ovarian cancer either alone, or in combination with CA125.

Authors+Show Affiliations

diaDexus, Inc., 343 Oyster Point Blvd., South San Francisco, CA, USA. irissimon@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17498784

Citation

Simon, Iris, et al. "B7-H4 Is Over-expressed in Early-stage Ovarian Cancer and Is Independent of CA125 Expression." Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 106, no. 2, 2007, pp. 334-41.
Simon I, Katsaros D, Rigault de la Longrais I, et al. B7-H4 is over-expressed in early-stage ovarian cancer and is independent of CA125 expression. Gynecol Oncol. 2007;106(2):334-41.
Simon, I., Katsaros, D., Rigault de la Longrais, I., Massobrio, M., Scorilas, A., Kim, N. W., Sarno, M. J., Wolfert, R. L., & Diamandis, E. P. (2007). B7-H4 is over-expressed in early-stage ovarian cancer and is independent of CA125 expression. Gynecologic Oncology, 106(2), 334-41.
Simon I, et al. B7-H4 Is Over-expressed in Early-stage Ovarian Cancer and Is Independent of CA125 Expression. Gynecol Oncol. 2007;106(2):334-41. PubMed PMID: 17498784.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - B7-H4 is over-expressed in early-stage ovarian cancer and is independent of CA125 expression. AU - Simon,Iris, AU - Katsaros,Dionyssios, AU - Rigault de la Longrais,Irene, AU - Massobrio,Marco, AU - Scorilas,Andreas, AU - Kim,Nam W, AU - Sarno,Mark J, AU - Wolfert,Robert L, AU - Diamandis,Eleftherios P, Y1 - 2007/05/11/ PY - 2007/01/26/received PY - 2007/03/23/revised PY - 2007/03/29/accepted PY - 2007/5/15/pubmed PY - 2007/9/7/medline PY - 2007/5/15/entrez SP - 334 EP - 41 JF - Gynecologic oncology JO - Gynecol Oncol VL - 106 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study characterizes the expression of the novel biomarker B7-H4 in ovarian cancer tissue, normal ovaries, and benign ovarian tumors, and evaluates its relationship to CA125. METHODS: Ovarian tissue lysates from 251 patients with ovarian carcinoma were assessed for the levels of B7-H4 and CA125 by ELISA assays. For comparison, ovarian tissues from patients with benign ovarian tumors (n=43) and patients with normal ovaries (n=32) were tested. The marker concentrations were correlated with CA125 expression, clinicopathological variables, and patient outcome. RESULTS: Using a cut-off based on the 95th percentile of B7-H4 or CA125 concentration in the control group, B7-H4 was over-expressed in 48% of patients with stage I cancer, 55% of patients with stage II cancer, and 67% of patients with late stage cancer. CA125 was elevated in 31% patients with early stage cancer. B7-H4 was elevated in tumors of 30 patients with early stage cancer that were negative for CA125. The combination of B7-H4 and CA125 identified 56 early stage cancer patients (65%) as positive. Correlation of marker expression to clinical outcome showed that high B7-H4 levels were correlated with poor prognosis. However, the effect was not significant when outcome was adjusted for other clinicopathological variables. CONCLUSION: B7-H4 expression was low in normal ovaries and in benign tumors while half of early stage and two-thirds of late stage cancers over-expressed B7-H4. The data are consistent with previous observations and support further investigation of B7-H4 in the detection of early stage ovarian cancer either alone, or in combination with CA125. SN - 0090-8258 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17498784/B7_H4_is_over_expressed_in_early_stage_ovarian_cancer_and_is_independent_of_CA125_expression_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0090-8258(07)00252-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -