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The role of allergic rhinitis in the development of otitis media with effusion: effect on eustachian tube function.
Am J Otolaryngol. 2007 May-Jun; 28(3):148-52.AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

The pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME) is considered multifactorial, with viral upper respiratory tract infection and eustachian tube dysfunction. Allergy may be related to the pathogenesis of OME or to another etiological factor. We investigated the role of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children with OME and evaluated eustachian tube function in patients with AR.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

We prospectively analyzed the prevalence of AR, serum eosinophil count, and serum total IgE concentrations in 123 children with OME and in 141 controls. IgE concentration in middle ear effusion was compared in children with OME with and without AR, and eustachian tube function after a nasal provocation test was compared between patients with AR and controls.

RESULTS

The prevalence of AR in children with OME (28.4%) and control subjects (24.1%) did not differ significantly. These 2 groups also showed no differences in total eosinophil count and serum and middle ear effusion IgE concentration. Abnormalities in eustachian tube function were the same in patients with AR and controls.

CONCLUSIONS

Allergic rhinitis may not be related to the development of OME in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, KyungHee University, Seoul, South Korea. yeo2park@yahoo.co.kr <yeo2park@yahoo.co.kr>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17499128

Citation

Yeo, Seung Geun, et al. "The Role of Allergic Rhinitis in the Development of Otitis Media With Effusion: Effect On Eustachian Tube Function." American Journal of Otolaryngology, vol. 28, no. 3, 2007, pp. 148-52.
Yeo SG, Park DC, Eun YG, et al. The role of allergic rhinitis in the development of otitis media with effusion: effect on eustachian tube function. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007;28(3):148-52.
Yeo, S. G., Park, D. C., Eun, Y. G., & Cha, C. I. (2007). The role of allergic rhinitis in the development of otitis media with effusion: effect on eustachian tube function. American Journal of Otolaryngology, 28(3), 148-52.
Yeo SG, et al. The Role of Allergic Rhinitis in the Development of Otitis Media With Effusion: Effect On Eustachian Tube Function. Am J Otolaryngol. 2007 May-Jun;28(3):148-52. PubMed PMID: 17499128.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of allergic rhinitis in the development of otitis media with effusion: effect on eustachian tube function. AU - Yeo,Seung Geun, AU - Park,Dong Choon, AU - Eun,Young Gyu, AU - Cha,Chang Il, PY - 2006/05/12/received PY - 2006/07/30/accepted PY - 2007/5/15/pubmed PY - 2007/8/24/medline PY - 2007/5/15/entrez SP - 148 EP - 52 JF - American journal of otolaryngology JO - Am J Otolaryngol VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME) is considered multifactorial, with viral upper respiratory tract infection and eustachian tube dysfunction. Allergy may be related to the pathogenesis of OME or to another etiological factor. We investigated the role of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children with OME and evaluated eustachian tube function in patients with AR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed the prevalence of AR, serum eosinophil count, and serum total IgE concentrations in 123 children with OME and in 141 controls. IgE concentration in middle ear effusion was compared in children with OME with and without AR, and eustachian tube function after a nasal provocation test was compared between patients with AR and controls. RESULTS: The prevalence of AR in children with OME (28.4%) and control subjects (24.1%) did not differ significantly. These 2 groups also showed no differences in total eosinophil count and serum and middle ear effusion IgE concentration. Abnormalities in eustachian tube function were the same in patients with AR and controls. CONCLUSIONS: Allergic rhinitis may not be related to the development of OME in children. SN - 0196-0709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17499128/The_role_of_allergic_rhinitis_in_the_development_of_otitis_media_with_effusion:_effect_on_eustachian_tube_function_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0196-0709(06)00161-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -