Mapping susceptibility gene locus for IgA deficiency at del(18)(q22.3-q23); report of familial cryptic chromosome t(18q; 10p) translocations.Int J Immunogenet 2007; 34(3):143-7IJ
This study presents a clinical report of the Finnish chromosome t(18q; 10p) translocation family with an overview of eight other selected immunoglobulin A (IgA)-deficient 18q deletion (18q-) patients from seven published articles. The family members show features common to 18q- syndrome such as mental retardation, multiple facial dysmorphism, foot/hand deformities, abnormal myelination of brain white matter, and a spectrum of immunological/infectious disorders including IgA deficiency (IgAD). Genotype-phenotype correlation study of the unbalanced t(18q-; 10p+) translocation family members and other 18q- syndrome reports led to definition of a potential susceptibility gene locus for IgAD at distal region of 18q22.3-q23 between markers D18S812-18qter. The haplo-insufficiency of the 18q22.3-q23 gene region is suggested to be a cause of the IgAD phenotype in 18q- individuals. This 7 Mb IgAD critical region shows significant association with susceptibility region for celiac disease that is frequently connected to IgAD.