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Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition disorders among older African Americans: findings from the National Survey of American Life.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2007; 15(8):652-9AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to estimate lifetime and 12-month prevalence of 13 psychiatric disorders for older African Americans.

METHODS

Data are from the older African American subsample of the National Survey of American Life. Selected measures of lifetime and 12-month Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) psychiatric disorders were examined (i.e., panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder, dysthymia, bipolar I and II disorders, alcohol abuse/dependence, and drug abuse/dependence).

RESULTS

Twenty-three percent of older African Americans reported at least one lifetime disorder and 8.54% reported at least one 12-month disorder. Alcohol abuse, PTSD, and major depression were the most prevalent lifetime disorders. The most prevalent 12-month disorders were PTSD, major depression, and social phobia. Age, sex, education, and region were significantly associated with the odds of having a lifetime disorder.

CONCLUSION

This is the first study of prevalence rates of serious mental disorders for older African Americans based on a national sample. Demographic correlates of the prevalence of disorders are discussed with an emphasis on age and regional differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. bcford@umich.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17504908

Citation

Ford, Briggett C., et al. "Lifetime and 12-month Prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Disorders Among Older African Americans: Findings From the National Survey of American Life." The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry : Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 8, 2007, pp. 652-9.
Ford BC, Bullard KM, Taylor RJ, et al. Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition disorders among older African Americans: findings from the National Survey of American Life. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007;15(8):652-9.
Ford, B. C., Bullard, K. M., Taylor, R. J., Toler, A. K., Neighbors, H. W., & Jackson, J. S. (2007). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition disorders among older African Americans: findings from the National Survey of American Life. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry : Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 15(8), pp. 652-9.
Ford BC, et al. Lifetime and 12-month Prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Disorders Among Older African Americans: Findings From the National Survey of American Life. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007;15(8):652-9. PubMed PMID: 17504908.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition disorders among older African Americans: findings from the National Survey of American Life. AU - Ford,Briggett C, AU - Bullard,Kai McKeever, AU - Taylor,Robert Joseph, AU - Toler,Amanda K, AU - Neighbors,Harold W, AU - Jackson,James S, Y1 - 2007/05/15/ PY - 2007/5/17/pubmed PY - 2007/10/16/medline PY - 2007/5/17/entrez SP - 652 EP - 9 JF - The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry JO - Am J Geriatr Psychiatry VL - 15 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate lifetime and 12-month prevalence of 13 psychiatric disorders for older African Americans. METHODS: Data are from the older African American subsample of the National Survey of American Life. Selected measures of lifetime and 12-month Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) psychiatric disorders were examined (i.e., panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder, dysthymia, bipolar I and II disorders, alcohol abuse/dependence, and drug abuse/dependence). RESULTS: Twenty-three percent of older African Americans reported at least one lifetime disorder and 8.54% reported at least one 12-month disorder. Alcohol abuse, PTSD, and major depression were the most prevalent lifetime disorders. The most prevalent 12-month disorders were PTSD, major depression, and social phobia. Age, sex, education, and region were significantly associated with the odds of having a lifetime disorder. CONCLUSION: This is the first study of prevalence rates of serious mental disorders for older African Americans based on a national sample. Demographic correlates of the prevalence of disorders are discussed with an emphasis on age and regional differences. SN - 1064-7481 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17504908/Lifetime_and_12_month_prevalence_of_Diagnostic_and_Statistical_Manual_of_Mental_Disorders_Fourth_Edition_disorders_among_older_African_Americans:_findings_from_the_National_Survey_of_American_Life_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/JGP.0b013e3180437d9e DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -