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Comparison of three methods for the treatment of pterygium: amniotic membrane graft, conjunctival autograft and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C.
Orbit. 2007 Mar; 26(1):5-13.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare three techniques combined with excision in the treatment of primary and recurrent pterygium: amniotic membrane transplantation, conjunctival autograft, and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Forty-nine eyes of 49 subjects (30 primary, 19 recurrent pterygium) were included in this study. Combined with excision, 25 eyes (18 primary, 7 recurrent pterygium) were treated with conjunctival autografts (Group 1), and 16 eyes (12 primary, 4 recurrent pterygium) were treated with amniotic membrane transplantation for the closure of the defect (Group 2). In 8 eyes (all recurrent pterygium) low-dose mitomycin C (0.02%) was applied topically to the defect area and a conjunctival autograft was applied thereafter (Group 3). The three groups were compared with regard to the recurrence of pterygium and the defect area requiring treatment.

RESULTS

The number and percentages of recurrence seen in groups 1, 2 and 3 were as follows: 4 (16%), 4 (25%), and 0(-), respectively. For the treatment of primary pterygium cases, amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autograft closure were comparable in effectiveness (p > 0.05). In the treatment of recurrent pterygium, there was no significant difference between the three techniques (p > 0.05). Amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autografts were equally effective for the treatment of both primary and recurrent pterygium (p > 0.05). The graft size was significantly larger in the cases with recurrent pterygium (p = 0.016).

CONCLUSIONS

Amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autografts seem to be equally effective in the prevention of recurrence of primary pterygium. Conjunctival autografts combined with mitomycin C are as effective as the above two techniques to prevent recurrence in the treatment of recurrent pterygium. Due to the larger area of subconjunctival fibrosis, a larger defect area is created after the excision of pterygium tissue and a larger graft is needed to close this defect in recurrent pterygium. This factor can guide the surgeon during the planning of the surgery to choose the most appropriate technique for closure of the defect.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, S.B. Ankara Research & Training Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinics, Ankara. Turkey. yaslankatircioglu@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17510864

Citation

Katircioğlu, Yasemin Arslan, et al. "Comparison of Three Methods for the Treatment of Pterygium: Amniotic Membrane Graft, Conjunctival Autograft and Conjunctival Autograft Plus Mitomycin C." Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol. 26, no. 1, 2007, pp. 5-13.
Katircioğlu YA, Altiparmak UE, Duman S. Comparison of three methods for the treatment of pterygium: amniotic membrane graft, conjunctival autograft and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C. Orbit. 2007;26(1):5-13.
Katircioğlu, Y. A., Altiparmak, U. E., & Duman, S. (2007). Comparison of three methods for the treatment of pterygium: amniotic membrane graft, conjunctival autograft and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C. Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 26(1), 5-13.
Katircioğlu YA, Altiparmak UE, Duman S. Comparison of Three Methods for the Treatment of Pterygium: Amniotic Membrane Graft, Conjunctival Autograft and Conjunctival Autograft Plus Mitomycin C. Orbit. 2007;26(1):5-13. PubMed PMID: 17510864.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of three methods for the treatment of pterygium: amniotic membrane graft, conjunctival autograft and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C. AU - Katircioğlu,Yasemin Arslan, AU - Altiparmak,Ugur Emrah, AU - Duman,Sunay, PY - 2007/5/19/pubmed PY - 2007/8/1/medline PY - 2007/5/19/entrez SP - 5 EP - 13 JF - Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands) JO - Orbit VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare three techniques combined with excision in the treatment of primary and recurrent pterygium: amniotic membrane transplantation, conjunctival autograft, and conjunctival autograft plus mitomycin C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine eyes of 49 subjects (30 primary, 19 recurrent pterygium) were included in this study. Combined with excision, 25 eyes (18 primary, 7 recurrent pterygium) were treated with conjunctival autografts (Group 1), and 16 eyes (12 primary, 4 recurrent pterygium) were treated with amniotic membrane transplantation for the closure of the defect (Group 2). In 8 eyes (all recurrent pterygium) low-dose mitomycin C (0.02%) was applied topically to the defect area and a conjunctival autograft was applied thereafter (Group 3). The three groups were compared with regard to the recurrence of pterygium and the defect area requiring treatment. RESULTS: The number and percentages of recurrence seen in groups 1, 2 and 3 were as follows: 4 (16%), 4 (25%), and 0(-), respectively. For the treatment of primary pterygium cases, amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autograft closure were comparable in effectiveness (p > 0.05). In the treatment of recurrent pterygium, there was no significant difference between the three techniques (p > 0.05). Amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autografts were equally effective for the treatment of both primary and recurrent pterygium (p > 0.05). The graft size was significantly larger in the cases with recurrent pterygium (p = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic membrane closure and conjunctival autografts seem to be equally effective in the prevention of recurrence of primary pterygium. Conjunctival autografts combined with mitomycin C are as effective as the above two techniques to prevent recurrence in the treatment of recurrent pterygium. Due to the larger area of subconjunctival fibrosis, a larger defect area is created after the excision of pterygium tissue and a larger graft is needed to close this defect in recurrent pterygium. This factor can guide the surgeon during the planning of the surgery to choose the most appropriate technique for closure of the defect. SN - 0167-6830 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17510864/Comparison_of_three_methods_for_the_treatment_of_pterygium:_amniotic_membrane_graft_conjunctival_autograft_and_conjunctival_autograft_plus_mitomycin_C_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01676830600972724 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -