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Relationships between musical structure and psychophysiological measures of emotion.
Emotion. 2007 May; 7(2):377-87.E

Abstract

Psychophysiological studies with music have not examined what exactly in the music might be responsible for the observed physiological phenomena. The authors explored the relationships between 11 structural features of 16 musical excerpts and both self-reports of felt pleasantness and arousal and different physiological measures (respiration, skin conductance, heart rate). Overall, the relationships between musical features and experienced emotions corresponded well with those known between musical structure and perceived emotions. This suggests that the internal structure of the music played a primary role in the induction of the emotions in comparison to extramusical factors. Mode, harmonic complexity, and rhythmic articulation best differentiated between negative and positive valence, whereas tempo, accentuation, and rhythmic articulation best discriminated high arousal from low arousal. Tempo, accentuation, and rhythmic articulation were the features that most strongly correlated with physiological measures. Music that induced faster breathing and higher minute ventilation, skin conductance, and heart rate was fast, accentuated, and staccato. This finding corroborates the contention that rhythmic aspects are the major determinants of physiological responses to music.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut Universtitaire Romand de Sante au Travail, Lausanne, Switzerland. patrick.gomez@hospvd.chNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17516815

Citation

Gomez, Patrick, and Brigitta Danuser. "Relationships Between Musical Structure and Psychophysiological Measures of Emotion." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 7, no. 2, 2007, pp. 377-87.
Gomez P, Danuser B. Relationships between musical structure and psychophysiological measures of emotion. Emotion. 2007;7(2):377-87.
Gomez, P., & Danuser, B. (2007). Relationships between musical structure and psychophysiological measures of emotion. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 7(2), 377-87.
Gomez P, Danuser B. Relationships Between Musical Structure and Psychophysiological Measures of Emotion. Emotion. 2007;7(2):377-87. PubMed PMID: 17516815.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationships between musical structure and psychophysiological measures of emotion. AU - Gomez,Patrick, AU - Danuser,Brigitta, PY - 2007/5/23/pubmed PY - 2007/7/7/medline PY - 2007/5/23/entrez SP - 377 EP - 87 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - Psychophysiological studies with music have not examined what exactly in the music might be responsible for the observed physiological phenomena. The authors explored the relationships between 11 structural features of 16 musical excerpts and both self-reports of felt pleasantness and arousal and different physiological measures (respiration, skin conductance, heart rate). Overall, the relationships between musical features and experienced emotions corresponded well with those known between musical structure and perceived emotions. This suggests that the internal structure of the music played a primary role in the induction of the emotions in comparison to extramusical factors. Mode, harmonic complexity, and rhythmic articulation best differentiated between negative and positive valence, whereas tempo, accentuation, and rhythmic articulation best discriminated high arousal from low arousal. Tempo, accentuation, and rhythmic articulation were the features that most strongly correlated with physiological measures. Music that induced faster breathing and higher minute ventilation, skin conductance, and heart rate was fast, accentuated, and staccato. This finding corroborates the contention that rhythmic aspects are the major determinants of physiological responses to music. SN - 1528-3542 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17516815/Relationships_between_musical_structure_and_psychophysiological_measures_of_emotion_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/7/2/377 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -