Texture anisotropy of the brain's white matter as revealed by anatomical MRI.
The purpose of this work was to study specific texture properties of the brain's white matter (WM) based on conventional high-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) datasets. Quantitative parameters anisotropy and laminarity were derived from 3-D texture analysis. Differences in WM texture associated with gender were evaluated on an age-matched sample of 210 young healthy subjects (mean age 24.8, SD 3.97 years, 103 males and 107 females). Changes of WM texture with age were studied using 112 MRI-T1 datasets of healthy subjects aged 16 to 70 years (57 males and 55 females). Both texture measures indicated a "more regular" WM structure in females (p < 10(-6)). An age-related deterioration of WM structure manifests itself as a remarkable decline of both parameters (p < 10(-6)) that is more prominent in females (p < 10(-6)) than in males (p = 0.02). Texture analysis of anatomical MRI-T1 brain datasets provides quantitative information about macroscopic WM characteristics and helps discriminating between normal and pathological aging.
United Institute of Informatics Problems, Belarus National Academy of Sciences, 220012 Minsk, Belarus. firstname.lastname@example.org
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Nerve Fibers, Myelinated
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't