[The gold standard in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy vs Longo mucoprolapsectomy: comparing techniques].Minerva Chir. 2007 Jun; 62(3):151-9.MC
Although mucosectomy according to Longo was a real revolution in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease, Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy, maintaining the characteristics of a technique which is physiopathologically efficacious and easily performed, is still the procedure of choice in some clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate which of the two techniques, Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy and Longo mucoprolapsectomy, could be considered the gold standard in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease.
From March 2002 to October 2006, in the VII Department of General Surgery of SUN, we compared two groups of 26 patients each: one treated with Milligan-Morgan haemorrhoidectomy, the other one with Longo mucoprolapsectomy. Among the patients treated with traditional technique, 16 were suffering from grade III haemorrhoids and prolapse, while the other 10 from grade IV haemorrhoids and prolapse. The group treated with stapler was composed of 10 patients affected by grade III haemorrhoids and prolapse, while the other 16 were patients complaining for grade IV haemorrhoids and prolapse. For both groups of patients the follow-up lasted 12 months; they were controlled at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after the operation.
The level of pain measured with a visual analogue scale (VAS) was always higher in the group treated with traditional technique. In 69% of the patients treated with stapler and in 59% of those treated with open technique there was the first defecation within postoperative day 2. The return to normal activity was earlier in patients who underwent Longo technique. Among the patients treated with traditional technique, 7.7% had postoperative bleeding, 15.4% at the 6-month control, suffered from anal fissure with associated high pressure of anal sphincter and tenesmus and 7.7% showed a recurrence after 1 year. In the group treated with Longo technique, 11.54% of the patients had a postoperative haemorrhage at the 6-month control, 7.7% showed substenosis, 3.84% of the patients felt tenesmus; in 3.84% of the cases a perianal extra-sphincteric fistula was evident. At 1 year control, 11.54% of the patients showed recurrences.
The conclusion is drawn that it does not exist any indication for the Longo technique; however, it seems to give the best results in grade III haemorrhoids with prolapse, without sphincteric implications.