Sequence characterization and expression patterns of two defensin-like antimicrobial peptides from the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis.Peptides 2007; 28(6):1304-10P
Two cDNAs encoding defensin-like antimicrobial peptides were cloned and sequenced from the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis. The full-length cDNA of Hlgut-defensin (H. longicornis midgut defensin) is 333bp, encoding an expected protein with 73 amino acids. The full-length cDNA of Hlsal-defensin (H. longicornis salivary gland defensin) is 382bp, encoding an expected protein with 81 amino acids. The antibacterial activities of the synthetic peptides based on the Hlgut-defensin and Hlsal-defensin sequences were tested against a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Using real-time PCR, the tissue-specific expression of two defensin-like peptides were determined and it was also found that the gene transcripts of Hlgut-defensin and Hlsal-defensin were significantly induced by a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection.