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Work-organisational and personal factors associated with upper body musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators.
Occup Environ Med. 2007 Dec; 64(12):806-13.OE

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the contribution of work-organisational and personal factors to the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among garment workers in Los Angeles.

METHODS

This is a cross-sectional study of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms among 520 sewing machine operators from 13 garment industry sewing shops. Detailed information on work-organisational factors, personal factors, and musculoskeletal symptoms were obtained in face-to-face interviews. The outcome of interest, upper body WMSD, was defined as a worker experiencing moderate or severe musculoskeletal pain. Unconditional logistic regression models were adopted to assess the association between both work-organisational factors and personal factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain.

RESULTS

The prevalence of moderate or severe musculoskeletal pain in the neck/shoulder region was 24% and for distal upper extremity it was 16%. Elevated prevalence of upper body pain was associated with age less than 30 years, female gender, Hispanic ethnicity, being single, having a diagnosis of a MSD or a systemic illness, working more than 10 years as a sewing machine operator, using a single sewing machine, work in large shops, higher work-rest ratios, high physical exertion, high physical isometric loads, high job demand, and low job satisfaction.

CONCLUSION

Work-organisational and personal factors were associated with increased prevalence of moderate or severe upper body musculoskeletal pain among garment workers. Owners of sewing companies may be able to reduce or prevent WMSDs among employees by adopting rotations between different types of workstations thus increasing task variety; by either shortening work periods or increasing rest periods to reduce the work-rest ratio; and by improving the work-organisation to control psychosocial stressors. The findings may guide prevention efforts in the garment sector and have important public health implications for this workforce of largely immigrant labourers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17522131

Citation

Wang, P-C, et al. "Work-organisational and Personal Factors Associated With Upper Body Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Sewing Machine Operators." Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 64, no. 12, 2007, pp. 806-13.
Wang PC, Rempel DM, Harrison RJ, et al. Work-organisational and personal factors associated with upper body musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators. Occup Environ Med. 2007;64(12):806-13.
Wang, P. C., Rempel, D. M., Harrison, R. J., Chan, J., & Ritz, B. R. (2007). Work-organisational and personal factors associated with upper body musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 64(12), 806-13.
Wang PC, et al. Work-organisational and Personal Factors Associated With Upper Body Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Sewing Machine Operators. Occup Environ Med. 2007;64(12):806-13. PubMed PMID: 17522131.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Work-organisational and personal factors associated with upper body musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators. AU - Wang,P-C, AU - Rempel,D M, AU - Harrison,R J, AU - Chan,J, AU - Ritz,B R, Y1 - 2007/05/23/ PY - 2007/05/09/accepted PY - 2007/5/25/entrez PY - 2007/5/25/pubmed PY - 2013/5/15/medline SP - 806 EP - 13 JF - Occupational and environmental medicine JO - Occup Environ Med VL - 64 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of work-organisational and personal factors to the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among garment workers in Los Angeles. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms among 520 sewing machine operators from 13 garment industry sewing shops. Detailed information on work-organisational factors, personal factors, and musculoskeletal symptoms were obtained in face-to-face interviews. The outcome of interest, upper body WMSD, was defined as a worker experiencing moderate or severe musculoskeletal pain. Unconditional logistic regression models were adopted to assess the association between both work-organisational factors and personal factors and the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: The prevalence of moderate or severe musculoskeletal pain in the neck/shoulder region was 24% and for distal upper extremity it was 16%. Elevated prevalence of upper body pain was associated with age less than 30 years, female gender, Hispanic ethnicity, being single, having a diagnosis of a MSD or a systemic illness, working more than 10 years as a sewing machine operator, using a single sewing machine, work in large shops, higher work-rest ratios, high physical exertion, high physical isometric loads, high job demand, and low job satisfaction. CONCLUSION: Work-organisational and personal factors were associated with increased prevalence of moderate or severe upper body musculoskeletal pain among garment workers. Owners of sewing companies may be able to reduce or prevent WMSDs among employees by adopting rotations between different types of workstations thus increasing task variety; by either shortening work periods or increasing rest periods to reduce the work-rest ratio; and by improving the work-organisation to control psychosocial stressors. The findings may guide prevention efforts in the garment sector and have important public health implications for this workforce of largely immigrant labourers. SN - 1470-7926 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17522131/Work_organisational_and_personal_factors_associated_with_upper_body_musculoskeletal_disorders_among_sewing_machine_operators_ L2 - https://oem.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=17522131 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -