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Anxiety and depression: a comparison between renal transplant recipients and hemodialysis patients.
Transplant Proc. 2007 May; 39(4):1082-4.TP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anxiety and depression are known causes of morbidity among patients with chronic illnesses. There is controversy whether hemodialysis or renal transplanted subjects have less severe anxiety or depression symptoms. We designed this study to evaluate these symptoms in the two groups of subjects.

METHODS

In a case-control study performed in 2006, we randomly selected 32 transplant recipients and 39 hemodialysis patients. The two groups were matched for gender, age, marital status, educational background, and somatic comorbidities. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were compared between the groups using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale.

RESULTS

Anxiety score was significantly lower among transplant recipients compared with hemodialysis patients (8.61 +/- 3.09 vs 10.41 +/- 2.77; P=.01). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the score for depression (P>.05). In transplant recipients, the severity of anxiety was higher among those with a history of graft rejection and those <35 years at the time of transplantation (P<.05). The severity of depressive symptoms was higher among subjects with lower educational status (P<.05).

CONCLUSION

Depressive symptoms did not seem to improve after renal transplantation, which highlights the need for screening and appropriate treatment of depression. Transplant recipients with a history of rejection or a young age at the time of transplantation should receive more attention for psychiatric problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nephrology/Urology Research Center (NURC), Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17524897

Citation

Karaminia, R, et al. "Anxiety and Depression: a Comparison Between Renal Transplant Recipients and Hemodialysis Patients." Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 39, no. 4, 2007, pp. 1082-4.
Karaminia R, Tavallaii SA, Lorgard-Dezfuli-Nejad M, et al. Anxiety and depression: a comparison between renal transplant recipients and hemodialysis patients. Transplant Proc. 2007;39(4):1082-4.
Karaminia, R., Tavallaii, S. A., Lorgard-Dezfuli-Nejad, M., Moghani Lankarani, M., Hadavand Mirzaie, H., Einollahi, B., & Firoozan, A. (2007). Anxiety and depression: a comparison between renal transplant recipients and hemodialysis patients. Transplantation Proceedings, 39(4), 1082-4.
Karaminia R, et al. Anxiety and Depression: a Comparison Between Renal Transplant Recipients and Hemodialysis Patients. Transplant Proc. 2007;39(4):1082-4. PubMed PMID: 17524897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety and depression: a comparison between renal transplant recipients and hemodialysis patients. AU - Karaminia,R, AU - Tavallaii,S A, AU - Lorgard-Dezfuli-Nejad,M, AU - Moghani Lankarani,M, AU - Hadavand Mirzaie,H, AU - Einollahi,B, AU - Firoozan,A, PY - 2007/5/26/pubmed PY - 2007/10/30/medline PY - 2007/5/26/entrez SP - 1082 EP - 4 JF - Transplantation proceedings JO - Transplant Proc VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are known causes of morbidity among patients with chronic illnesses. There is controversy whether hemodialysis or renal transplanted subjects have less severe anxiety or depression symptoms. We designed this study to evaluate these symptoms in the two groups of subjects. METHODS: In a case-control study performed in 2006, we randomly selected 32 transplant recipients and 39 hemodialysis patients. The two groups were matched for gender, age, marital status, educational background, and somatic comorbidities. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were compared between the groups using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale. RESULTS: Anxiety score was significantly lower among transplant recipients compared with hemodialysis patients (8.61 +/- 3.09 vs 10.41 +/- 2.77; P=.01). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the score for depression (P>.05). In transplant recipients, the severity of anxiety was higher among those with a history of graft rejection and those <35 years at the time of transplantation (P<.05). The severity of depressive symptoms was higher among subjects with lower educational status (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms did not seem to improve after renal transplantation, which highlights the need for screening and appropriate treatment of depression. Transplant recipients with a history of rejection or a young age at the time of transplantation should receive more attention for psychiatric problems. SN - 0041-1345 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17524897/Anxiety_and_depression:_a_comparison_between_renal_transplant_recipients_and_hemodialysis_patients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0041-1345(07)00486-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -