Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in male smokers with hypertension.
Am J Hypertens. 2007 Jun; 20(6):637-41.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although the acute increase of arterial stiffness and blood pressure (BP) after cigarette smoking in healthy smokers is considered a possible mechanism of increased cardiovascular risk, the acute effect of smoking on arterial stiffness in hypertensive smokers is unknown. We investigated the acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and BP in hypertensive male smokers.

METHODS

Heart rate (HR), brachial and ankle BP, and pulse-wave velocity (PWV) were measured in 22 hypertensive male smokers (HTs) and in 30 normotensive male smokers (NTs) before and 5, 10, and 15 min after smoking one cigarette (nicotine content, 0.9 mg).

RESULTS

Smoking induced acute increases of HR, brachial BP, and heart-femoral PWV (hfPWV) in NTs and HTs (P < .05). Ankle systolic BP and femoral-ankle PWV were acutely increased in HTs (P < .05), but not in NTs. In HTs, brachial systolic BP and hfPWV at 15 min were higher than at baseline (P < .05). An acute increase of hfPWV in the HTs was significant (P = .025) after adjustment for total cholesterol, time-dependent HR, and brachial mean arterial pressure, but acute changes of other PWVs lost statistical significance.

CONCLUSIONS

Cigarette smoking acutely increases aortic stiffness and BP in male smokers with hypertension, and the effects persist longer than in male smokers without hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17531920

Citation

Rhee, Moo-Yong, et al. "Acute Effects of Cigarette Smoking On Arterial Stiffness and Blood Pressure in Male Smokers With Hypertension." American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 20, no. 6, 2007, pp. 637-41.
Rhee MY, Na SH, Kim YK, et al. Acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in male smokers with hypertension. Am J Hypertens. 2007;20(6):637-41.
Rhee, M. Y., Na, S. H., Kim, Y. K., Lee, M. M., & Kim, H. Y. (2007). Acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in male smokers with hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, 20(6), 637-41.
Rhee MY, et al. Acute Effects of Cigarette Smoking On Arterial Stiffness and Blood Pressure in Male Smokers With Hypertension. Am J Hypertens. 2007;20(6):637-41. PubMed PMID: 17531920.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in male smokers with hypertension. AU - Rhee,Moo-Yong, AU - Na,Sang-Hoon, AU - Kim,Young-Kwon, AU - Lee,Myoung-Mook, AU - Kim,Hae-Young, PY - 2006/08/29/received PY - 2006/12/02/revised PY - 2006/12/24/accepted PY - 2007/5/29/pubmed PY - 2007/7/27/medline PY - 2007/5/29/entrez SP - 637 EP - 41 JF - American journal of hypertension JO - Am. J. Hypertens. VL - 20 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although the acute increase of arterial stiffness and blood pressure (BP) after cigarette smoking in healthy smokers is considered a possible mechanism of increased cardiovascular risk, the acute effect of smoking on arterial stiffness in hypertensive smokers is unknown. We investigated the acute effects of cigarette smoking on arterial stiffness and BP in hypertensive male smokers. METHODS: Heart rate (HR), brachial and ankle BP, and pulse-wave velocity (PWV) were measured in 22 hypertensive male smokers (HTs) and in 30 normotensive male smokers (NTs) before and 5, 10, and 15 min after smoking one cigarette (nicotine content, 0.9 mg). RESULTS: Smoking induced acute increases of HR, brachial BP, and heart-femoral PWV (hfPWV) in NTs and HTs (P < .05). Ankle systolic BP and femoral-ankle PWV were acutely increased in HTs (P < .05), but not in NTs. In HTs, brachial systolic BP and hfPWV at 15 min were higher than at baseline (P < .05). An acute increase of hfPWV in the HTs was significant (P = .025) after adjustment for total cholesterol, time-dependent HR, and brachial mean arterial pressure, but acute changes of other PWVs lost statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking acutely increases aortic stiffness and BP in male smokers with hypertension, and the effects persist longer than in male smokers without hypertension. SN - 0895-7061 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17531920/Acute_effects_of_cigarette_smoking_on_arterial_stiffness_and_blood_pressure_in_male_smokers_with_hypertension_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajh/article-lookup/doi/10.1016/j.amjhyper.2006.12.017 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -