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Cognitive processes during fear acquisition and extinction in animals and humans: implications for exposure therapy of anxiety disorders.
Clin Psychol Rev. 2008 Feb; 28(2):199-210.CP

Abstract

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent. Fear conditioning and extinction learning in animals often serve as simple models of fear acquisition and exposure therapy of anxiety disorders in humans. This article reviews the empirical and theoretical literature on cognitive processes in fear acquisition, extinction, and exposure therapy. It is concluded that exposure therapy is a form of cognitive intervention that specifically changes the expectancy of harm. Implications for therapy research are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215-2002, United States. shofmann@bu.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17532105

Citation

Hofmann, Stefan G.. "Cognitive Processes During Fear Acquisition and Extinction in Animals and Humans: Implications for Exposure Therapy of Anxiety Disorders." Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 28, no. 2, 2008, pp. 199-210.
Hofmann SG. Cognitive processes during fear acquisition and extinction in animals and humans: implications for exposure therapy of anxiety disorders. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008;28(2):199-210.
Hofmann, S. G. (2008). Cognitive processes during fear acquisition and extinction in animals and humans: implications for exposure therapy of anxiety disorders. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(2), 199-210.
Hofmann SG. Cognitive Processes During Fear Acquisition and Extinction in Animals and Humans: Implications for Exposure Therapy of Anxiety Disorders. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008;28(2):199-210. PubMed PMID: 17532105.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive processes during fear acquisition and extinction in animals and humans: implications for exposure therapy of anxiety disorders. A1 - Hofmann,Stefan G, Y1 - 2007/05/03/ PY - 2007/02/14/received PY - 2007/04/23/revised PY - 2007/04/26/accepted PY - 2007/5/29/pubmed PY - 2008/6/6/medline PY - 2007/5/29/entrez SP - 199 EP - 210 JF - Clinical psychology review JO - Clin Psychol Rev VL - 28 IS - 2 N2 - Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent. Fear conditioning and extinction learning in animals often serve as simple models of fear acquisition and exposure therapy of anxiety disorders in humans. This article reviews the empirical and theoretical literature on cognitive processes in fear acquisition, extinction, and exposure therapy. It is concluded that exposure therapy is a form of cognitive intervention that specifically changes the expectancy of harm. Implications for therapy research are discussed. SN - 0272-7358 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17532105/Cognitive_processes_during_fear_acquisition_and_extinction_in_animals_and_humans:_implications_for_exposure_therapy_of_anxiety_disorders_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -