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Changes in diagnostic criteria of PTSD: implications from two prospective longitudinal studies.
Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2007 Apr; 77(2):182-8.AJ

Abstract

This study assesses differences in PTSD rates according to different sets of diagnostic criteria. Two samples have been studied: one comprised of 286 combat stress reaction (CSR) casualties and 218 non-CSR veterans from the Lebanon war (Study 1); the other of 95 ex-POWs and 101 non-POWs from the Yom Kipur war (Study 2). Participants were administered two versions of the PTSD inventory based on different Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) editions: DSM-III and DSM-IV in Study 1 and DSM-III-R and DSM-IV in Study 2. PTSD rates declined when criteria of more recent DSM editions were applied. In addition, findings clearly demonstrate the importance of the dysfunction criterion (F) in PTSD. The highly complex nature of the PTSD diagnosis is discussed, as well as the important role of dysfunction and distress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Adler Research Center for Child Welfare and Protection, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. solomon@post.tau.ac.ilNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17535115

Citation

Solomon, Zahava, and Danny Horesh. "Changes in Diagnostic Criteria of PTSD: Implications From Two Prospective Longitudinal Studies." The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 77, no. 2, 2007, pp. 182-8.
Solomon Z, Horesh D. Changes in diagnostic criteria of PTSD: implications from two prospective longitudinal studies. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2007;77(2):182-8.
Solomon, Z., & Horesh, D. (2007). Changes in diagnostic criteria of PTSD: implications from two prospective longitudinal studies. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77(2), 182-8.
Solomon Z, Horesh D. Changes in Diagnostic Criteria of PTSD: Implications From Two Prospective Longitudinal Studies. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2007;77(2):182-8. PubMed PMID: 17535115.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in diagnostic criteria of PTSD: implications from two prospective longitudinal studies. AU - Solomon,Zahava, AU - Horesh,Danny, PY - 2007/5/31/pubmed PY - 2007/8/10/medline PY - 2007/5/31/entrez SP - 182 EP - 8 JF - The American journal of orthopsychiatry JO - Am J Orthopsychiatry VL - 77 IS - 2 N2 - This study assesses differences in PTSD rates according to different sets of diagnostic criteria. Two samples have been studied: one comprised of 286 combat stress reaction (CSR) casualties and 218 non-CSR veterans from the Lebanon war (Study 1); the other of 95 ex-POWs and 101 non-POWs from the Yom Kipur war (Study 2). Participants were administered two versions of the PTSD inventory based on different Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) editions: DSM-III and DSM-IV in Study 1 and DSM-III-R and DSM-IV in Study 2. PTSD rates declined when criteria of more recent DSM editions were applied. In addition, findings clearly demonstrate the importance of the dysfunction criterion (F) in PTSD. The highly complex nature of the PTSD diagnosis is discussed, as well as the important role of dysfunction and distress. SN - 0002-9432 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17535115/Changes_in_diagnostic_criteria_of_PTSD:_implications_from_two_prospective_longitudinal_studies_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ort/77/2/182 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -