Degradation characteristics of secondary effluent of domestic wastewater by combined process of ozonation and biofiltration.J Hazard Mater. 2008 Jan 15; 150(1):109-14.JH
The performance of the combined process of ozonation and biofiltration was studied for treating the secondary effluent from sewage treatment plant. It was found that COD, NH(3)-N, and TOC were removed from 40-52, 10-19, and 9-13 mg/L in the raw water to 18-23, 0.5-1.5, and 7-8.5 mg/L in the effluent water (removal efficiency were 58, 89, and 25%, respectively), respectively, with an ozone dose of 10 mg/L (0.7-1.1 mg O(3)/(mg TOC) and 0.2-0.25 mg O(3)/(mg COD)), and contacting time of 4 min. Under the operation conditions, ozonation enhanced the biodegradability of the organics in the secondary effluent, as illustrated by increasing biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) value from 0.8-1.1 mg/L in the raw water to the 2.0-2.7 mg/L in the effluent water. Meanwhile, the percentage of the organics with molecular size less than 1k Da in the secondary effluent increased from 52.9 to 72.6%. The experimental results supported the expectation that the combined process of O(3)/Biofiltration might enhance the overall treatment efficiency of secondary effluent treatment.