[Characteristics of smoker adolescents seeking smoking cessation services].Arch Pediatr 2007; 14(9):1062-8AP
In France, the prevalence of tobacco consumption is 31% for teenagers between 15 and 19 years old. Nevertheless, few French studies have been published on the characteristics of young smokers seeking smoking cessation services. The development of smoking cessation centres in France since 1999 was associated to the setting up of a e-transfer system in order to evaluate the adequacy between these services and the needs of smokers.
To analyse the characteristics of smokers aged less than 19 years registered in the smoking cessation services national database.
A cross-sectional population-based study has been conducted in the smoking cessation services participating in the national database. The study population included 321 young smokers attending the smoking cessation centres during the period 2001-2005.
The 321 smokers (mean age 16.6 years) were mostly girls (56.4%). A background of depression was declared by 19% of young smokers and an abnormal result was found for the hospital anxiety depression-screening test among 34% of the population for the anxiety scale and 6% for the depression scale. Mean daily tobacco consumption was 15.3 cigarettes per day and heavy nicotine dependence was found for 24.1% of the population. A nicotine replacement therapy was prescribed for every smoker.
Nicotine dependence was heavy for 24.1% of the 321 young smokers seeking smoking cessation services. More than 1/3 had an abnormal result for the hospital anxiety depression-screening test. Tailored interventions for smoking cessation should be available for adolescent's smokers, especially school-based services.