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Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis.
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 May; 78(5 Suppl):B77-85.AS

Abstract

Team cognition has been identified as a key component to achieve mission goals in dynamic, team-based, stressful, distributed and multicultural operations. Effective team performance in complex environments requires that team members hold a shared understanding of the task, their equipment, and their teammates. So, many of the simulation-based training (SBT) systems and programs have been designed (partly) to enhance shared/team cognition. However, these simulation systems lack the sufficient robustness in their performance assessment tools or capabilities (if they have any) to allow for a rich and deep understanding of team cognition. Therefore, the purpose of this article is fourfold: I) to present a brief account of team cognition; 2) to develop the concept of performance diagnosis and present SBT as an approach to the performance diagnosis of team cognition; 3) to present a set of illustrative behavioral markers of team cognition; and 4) to explicate how these elements (performance diagnosis, team cognition, and SBT) can be leveraged to increase training effectiveness through the development of performance profiles--a rich, detailed, and informative set of metrics--and cognitive and behavioral indicators or illustrative markers of team cognition. Research needs are discussed in terms of realizing the potential of this approach in operational and embedded training contexts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate, Institute for Simulation and Training, Modeling and Simulation Graduate Program, University of Central Florida, 3100 Technology Parkway, Suite 319, Orlando, FL 32826, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17547308

Citation

Salas, Eduardo, et al. "Markers for Enhancing Team Cognition in Complex Environments: the Power of Team Performance Diagnosis." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 78, no. 5 Suppl, 2007, pp. B77-85.
Salas E, Rosen MA, Burke CS, et al. Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007;78(5 Suppl):B77-85.
Salas, E., Rosen, M. A., Burke, C. S., Nicholson, D., & Howse, W. R. (2007). Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 78(5 Suppl), B77-85.
Salas E, et al. Markers for Enhancing Team Cognition in Complex Environments: the Power of Team Performance Diagnosis. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007;78(5 Suppl):B77-85. PubMed PMID: 17547308.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Markers for enhancing team cognition in complex environments: the power of team performance diagnosis. AU - Salas,Eduardo, AU - Rosen,Michael A, AU - Burke,C Shawn, AU - Nicholson,Denise, AU - Howse,William R, PY - 2007/6/6/pubmed PY - 2007/6/29/medline PY - 2007/6/6/entrez SP - B77 EP - 85 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 78 IS - 5 Suppl N2 - Team cognition has been identified as a key component to achieve mission goals in dynamic, team-based, stressful, distributed and multicultural operations. Effective team performance in complex environments requires that team members hold a shared understanding of the task, their equipment, and their teammates. So, many of the simulation-based training (SBT) systems and programs have been designed (partly) to enhance shared/team cognition. However, these simulation systems lack the sufficient robustness in their performance assessment tools or capabilities (if they have any) to allow for a rich and deep understanding of team cognition. Therefore, the purpose of this article is fourfold: I) to present a brief account of team cognition; 2) to develop the concept of performance diagnosis and present SBT as an approach to the performance diagnosis of team cognition; 3) to present a set of illustrative behavioral markers of team cognition; and 4) to explicate how these elements (performance diagnosis, team cognition, and SBT) can be leveraged to increase training effectiveness through the development of performance profiles--a rich, detailed, and informative set of metrics--and cognitive and behavioral indicators or illustrative markers of team cognition. Research needs are discussed in terms of realizing the potential of this approach in operational and embedded training contexts. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17547308/Markers_for_enhancing_team_cognition_in_complex_environments:_the_power_of_team_performance_diagnosis_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/veteransandmilitaryhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -